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May 25, 2015
Lambeth Palace:  We are not Amused
Bishops Zavala and Lawrence apparently lied about Archbishop of Canterbury's support of the oversight plan they concocted with the Global South

LONDON - A spokesman for Lambeth Palace this afternoon rejected the claim of the breakaway "Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina Incorporated (PECDSCI)" that the Archbishop of Canterbury has endorsed a plan for some kind of oversight of the renegade group by the primates of the Anglican Communion's Global South provinces.

According to the spokesman, the Archbishop was "informed" about the plan only after Global South primates approved it in February 2014 at a meeting in Cairo.  He never approved it or gave consent to it.  In fact, he wasn't even there when the scheme was concocted. 

In the Anglican Communion, primates have no authority on their own to lay claim to territory in the jurisdiction of another province or its primate.

The rebuke was the result of a PECDSCI propaganda offensive last week to convince its followers that they are still in the Communion by virtue of being under "primatial oversight" of the ultraconservative Global South provinces. 

Actually, the Communion only recognizes the Episcopal Church as its province in the United States, and the Most Rev. Katharine Jefferts Schori as its primate.  The continuing diocese in South Carolina, The Episcopal Church in South Carolina, is led by the Rt. Rev. Charles vonRosenberg.

The renegade 'diocese', under the leadership of ex-Bishop Mark Lawrence, says it has left the Episcopal Church and the authority of Jefferts Schori and vonRosenberg.  That question is currently being litigated in Federal and state courts. 

Carefully-scripted get acquainted tour goes haywire

To deliver the bogus message on oversight, Lawrence recruited Hector "Tito" Zavala, the Presiding Bishop of the tiny Anglican Province of South America, who stopped by South Carolina last week to meet the new constituents after picking up an online graduate degree from Trinity School for Ministry. 

On Wednesday Zavala spoke at small gatherings of PECDSCI clergy and laity in Charleston and Summerton, repeatedly assuring them that Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby, had "agreed with" and "supported" a plan by which he and the other Global South leaders would assume the role of primate for the breakaway PECDSCI. 

Zavala even went so far as to say that they would be conducting future elections and consecrations for PECDSCI bishops. 

"He (Welby) was there in Cairo with us," Zavala said.

However, SC Episcopalians was there in Charleston with Zavala and Lawrence and noticed that Bishop Tito became noticeably ill at ease when he got to the part of his remarks about primatial oversight. (see previous story below)  Other than the bit about future bishops, Zavala seemed to fumble his way through a non-explanation of exactly what is was he and the Global South primates would be actually be doing in South Carolina. 

Soon it became clear that Zavala's presence in South Carolina was just another public relations stunt, exploiting bishops and clergy from distant parts of the Communion. 

Zavala, a long-time friend and political supporter of Lawrence, is the current leader of the Global South primates who are among the most rigidly conservative evangelicals in the Communion.  Not surprisingly, they bitterly oppose the more western leanings of the Communion on social and theological matters.

Palace repudiates attempted deception by Lawrence and Zavala

Over the weekend, word of the PECDSCI's latest shenanigans reached the headquarters of the Anglican Communion at London's Lambeth Palace, and almost immediately Edward Thornton, an official spokesman for Archbishop Welby, repudiated Zavala's claim.

"The Global South Primates Steering Committee announced in 2014 the establishment of Primatial Oversight for the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina, which had seceded from the Episcopal Church, in order to keep the
diocese within the Anglican Communion. The steering committee informed Archbishop Justin of their decision when he joined them for the final day of their meeting in Cairo.

"Archbishop Justin has since had discussions about how the arrangements will work, exploring the exercising of pastoral, not episcopal, oversight by Bishop Zavala. Archbishop Justin has discussed these developments with the Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church, Katharine Jefferts Schori."

The Lawrence crowd has had no comment on the statement.

Thornton's comments were made in response to an inquiry from American blogger Ronald Caldwell, a professional educator and historian who has been documenting Lawrence's efforts to leave the Episcopal Church with an estimated $800 million in parish properties and diocesan assets.

Read Dr. Caldwell's excellent commentary on this latest attempted scam.

May 22, 2015

Breakaway “Diocese” Shimmies Away from Oversight Claim

No evidence Welby "agreed" to primatial oversight for the Lawrence crowd 

As it turns out, the Archbishop of Canterbury may not have given the Global South primates consent to oversee the breakaway Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina Incorporated (PECDSCI) after all. 

On Wednesday, the leader of those primates made that startling claim to a handful of PECDSCI clergy and supporters -- and SC Episcopalians -- during a visit to South Carolina intended to "encourage" the faithful... or unfaithful depending on how you look at it. 

However, since then, there has been no evidence found or produced to support such a claim and, by this afternoon, even the PECDSCI itself was gingerly backing away from it. 

If it was true, such consent by the leader of the Anglican Communion would constitute an extraordinary rebuke of the Episcopal Church, its Presiding Bishop, and the Bishop of the Diocese of the Episcopal Church in South Carolina.

The worldwide Anglican Communion is comprised of 38 provinces, whose religious traditions and theology are descended from the Church of England going back to Henry VIII.  The current leader of the Communion is Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby.

Each Anglican province is led by a senior bishop, known as a "primate," who maintains exclusive jurisdiction over his or her province.  There are no overlapping boundaries among the primates' jurisdictions.  For example, the Episcopal Church is the sole Anglican province in the United States, and its Presiding Bishop is recognized by the Anglican Communion as the primate in that jurisdiction.

The Global South is an association of primates from parts of South America, Asia, and Africa whose provinces are rigidly conservative and mostly evangelical.  Not surprisingly, they bitterly oppose the more western leanings of the Communion on social and theological matters.

Lawrencians looking for a way back into Anglicanism

In late 2012, the PECDSCI, under the leadership of Bishop Mark Lawrence, voted to leave the Episcopal Church because of its inclusion of gays and lesbians, women in positions of spiritual authority, and those whose experience of Jesus Christ is inconsistent with their own. 

In doing so, it severed its formal ties to the Communion, along with those of its 16,000 members.

Since then the PECDSCI has been scrambling to get back in, mostly through an erratic public relations offensive utilizing earnest, but misinformed Anglican clerics who are periodically paraded through South Carolina. 

Its biggest success came in February 2014 when the steering committee of the Global South primates "granted" its request for something called "primatial oversight" at a high-profile gathering in Cairo.  The idea was that the renegades would have a temporary status as Anglicans, while they sought out a new affiliation with a province other than the Episcopal Church, and its much-despised primate, The Most Rev. Katharine Jefferts Schori. 

However, the move was basically a sham, since individual or even groups of primates have no authority on their own to establish primatial oversight with anyone, much less recognize breakaway groups as part of the Communion.  Those decisions rest exclusively with the Archbishop of Canterbury and the three other Anglican Communion Instruments of Unity.

Archbishop "Tito" to the rescue, sort of

This week's much-heralded visit from Archbishop Hector "Tito" Zavala, the Primate of the Anglican Province of South America and the leader of the Global South, was intended to showcase support for the PECDSCI even at the highest levels of the Communion. 

Zavala is a long-time personal friend of Lawrence, and bitter critic of Jefferts Schori and what he calls the "homosexual agenda."  He refuses to participate in meetings or events with "arrogant" Episcopalians or members of the Anglican Church of Canada, and wants to see them kicked out of the Communion.  He and Lawrence are both graduates of the non-denominational and evangelical Trinity School for Ministry.

During his presentation Wednesday, Zavala announced that at that Cairo meeting Welby had fully consented to the Global South primates' plan to offer primatial oversight to the Lawrence crowd in South Carolina.

However, according to news reports (and a rather sneaky fix-up article on the PECDSCI website today), it appears that Welby simply attended the meeting of the steering committee.  There is no evidence he was present when the Committee decided to establish a "Primatial Oversight Council,” much less that he consented to its creation or its mission. 

It is not even clear there were any discussions with the ABC about Lawrence's schism.

PECDSCI to the rescue

Today, on its website, the PECDSCI seemed to back away from Zavala’s assertion that Welby had agreed to the bogus offer of oversight.  In a cleverly composed account of Bishop Tito's remarks, it quoted him as saying: 

“I'm here with you with the consent of the Archbishop of Canterbury," said Bishop Zavala. He told those gathered that Justin Welby, the Archbishop of Canterbury, was with the Global South Primates "Steering Committee" in a meeting in Cairo, Egypt in 2014 when "we decided to establish a Primatial Oversight Council to provide pastoral and primatial oversight to some dioceses in order to keep them within the Communion.”

While noting that Zavala's remarks were delivered in "clear English", the PECDSCI does not mention his "clear" and repeated insistence that Welby "agreed with" and "supported" primatial oversight for the PECDSCI, nor does it include his pronouncement that he and his Global South colleagues are now in charge of primatial duties in South Carolina, like overseeing the election and consecration of future PECDSCI bishops. 

The Anglican Province of South America includes Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, Uruguay, Peru, and Paraguay.  With less than 25,000 communicants, it is one of the smallest provinces in the Anglican Communion and only 9,000 members larger than the PECDSCI.

May 20, 2015
Visiting Primate:  Archbishop of Canterbury has Agreed to Primatial Oversight for Lawrence's Breakaway 'Diocese'

South American Archbishop says Lawrence's renegades are now part of the Anglican Communion and under Global South primates' authority

He says new role includes election and consecration of future bishops

CHARLESTON - The leader of the tiny Anglican Province of South America announced today that Justin Welby, the Archbishop of Canterbury, has agreed to allow him and his fellow Global South primates to exercise "primatial oversight" over the breakaway Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina Incorporated (PECDSCI).
Archbishop Hector “Tito” Zavala told PECDSCI followers in Summerton and Charleston that they are very much a part of the Anglican Communion because of this new role which includes the election and consecration of future PECDSCI bishops.  It was not clear if Zavala alone is providing oversight or if the Global South primates are doing it as a group.

“You're not alone. We are with you,” he told the two small gatherings of PECDSCI clergy and lay people today.  Last night he apparently met with the PECDSCI Diocesan Council.  The Global South primates hail from largely evangelical, conservative Anglican provinces in developing countries. 

Zavala said that Welby had agreed to the oversight deal in a meeting with Global South primates, but did not specify when and where the meeting took place.  Unfortunately, he was ushered away before SC Episcopalians could ask him about that, or what primatial oversight would look like and exactly how it would work.

No documentation or evidence that Welby has done what Zavala claims was provided, nor has it been reported elsewhere.

Zavala is a very engaging man, who is somewhat self-conscious about his broken English.  He was elected to lead his province in 2010, and is in the United States currently to receive a degree from Lawrence’s alma mater, Trinity School for Ministry.  His brief visit to South Carolina this week appears to be his first. 

Welby's permission would set a new precedent

Zavala’s news of primatial oversight is startling since the Anglican Communion only recognizes the authority of one primate within the unique geography of each province. 

There are 38 member provinces of the Anglican Communion, each led by a senior bishop, known as a primate.  The only Anglican province in the United States is the Episcopal Church, led by its Presiding Bishop and Primate, Katharine Jefferts Schori. 

Until now, Welby has consistently rejected the claims of schismatic groups to be a part of the Communion after they had broken with their provinces.  His predecessor, Rowan Williams, repeatedly frustrated dissident groups when he refused to grant them oversight under primates with rightwing views more to their liking.

Zavala’s assertion of primatial oversight could not be confirmed since, at least as of tonight, the Anglican Communion still lists only Andrew Waldo and Charles vonRosenberg as bishops with official jurisdiction in South Carolina, and Jefferts Schori as the only Anglican primate with jurisdiction.

Zavala defends Global South primates as unifiers

Apparently smarting from recent criticism that he has become a polarizing figure in the Anglican Communion, Archbishop
Zavala strongly protested that he, the Global South primates, and the Global Anglican Futures Conference (GAFCON), which he also leads, have been wrongly criticized for creating disruption in the Communion. 

“We are working for Anglican unity,” he told SC Episcopalians, but added that he will never attend a meeting or event if members of the "arrogant" Episcopal Church or the Anglican Church of Canada are present.

In 2010 the Secretary General of the Anglican Communion unceremoniously booted Zavala off its Inter-Anglican Standing Commission on Unity, Faith, and Order when he refused to respond to allegations that he had violated Communion rules on crossing jurisdictional lines.

Zavala's profile was first raised in the United States in 2010 when, in an interview with Episcopal New Service, he grandly thanked members of his worldwide Anglican "family" for their support of the people of Chile after a devastating earthquake which killed over 500 people and left a million homeless.

However, in 2013 he seemed to reverse himself in an interview with Trinity School for Ministry in which he claimed that, on behalf of his suffering people, he had repeatedly rejected disaster relief from the Episcopal Church after the 2010 earthquake. 

Last month Zavala was one of six uber-conservative GAFCON primates to reject the historic premise of Anglicanism as a “middle way” instead, saying that followers of Christ must follow the “narrow way.”  The primates also announced that the teachings of the Church of England were “non-Biblical” and that they would be raising money and funding missionary staff people to establish new GAFCON churches in England.

The Anglican Province of South America includes Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, Uruguay, Peru, and Paraguay.  With less than 25,000 members, it is one of the smallest provinces in the Anglican Communion and only nine thousand members larger than the PECDSCI.

It was formerly known as the “The Province of the Southern Cone,” and has often provided refuge to dissidents in the other three renegade dioceses that tried to leave the Episcopal Church.


May 15, 2015
Thou Shalt Not Steal

Episcopal Church and its continuing South Carolina Diocese rip Goodstein ruling in appeal to the state Supreme Court

COLUMBIA - Attorneys for the Episcopal Church and its continuing Diocese in South Carolina today ripped into a lower court ruling that awarded an estimated $800 million in parish properties and Diocesan assets to a breakaway group led by ex-Bishop Mark Lawrence.

In filing its appeal to the state's Supreme Court, the Church's legal team argued that Circuit Judge Diane Goodstein failed to address key issues raised in the case, wrongfully interpreted centuries of established legal precedents, and relied on illegal corporate acts by Lawrence's breakaways to justify her decision to award two centuries of accumulated Church property and Diocesan assets belonging to the Church to dissidents who have left the Church.

Goodstein handed down her ruling in January in response to a lawsuit filed by Lawrence and 36 parishes loyal to him in January 2013.   She also gave the breakaways ownership of the entire diocesan corporation and the name and corporate marks of "Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina."

Read the brief and accompanying news release

“Civil law does not permit people to create confusion with federally-protected brands and trademarks, to alter trusts created by statutes, or to retroactively validate unlawful corporate actions ... People can leave The Episcopal Church at will, but they cannot take the church’s identity and property when they go,” according to an initial brief filed by the Church and its diocese known as The Episcopal Church in South Carolina.

An essential premise of Goodstein's ruling was her finding that the Episcopal Church is not an "hierarchical church" and consequently not afforded the protections afforded it under the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.  That is a fairly novel perspective in that the Federal Courts have consistently upheld exactly the opposite view for nearly two centuries.

During last July's trial of Lawrence's lawsuit, Goodstein appeared to many to be out of her depth.  At one point she became so frustrated that she insisted that attorneys not use the name, "The Episcopal Church," during the trial because it was confusing her.

The Lawrence crowd has thirty days to answer the Church's arguments in anticipation of a September hearing before the Supreme Court.

Lawsuit is part of a broader legal attack on the Episcopal Church

The original lawsuit appears to have been part of a much broader, coordinated effort by dissidents to test their breakaway legal theories in courts across the country.  In most places they have failed and actually ended up strengthening the Church's claim on its property. 

However, in a handful of places, like South Carolina, Illinois, and Texas, judges like Goodstein have caused years of delay and confusion in dragging out the cases. 

Some breakaway groups in other states have said that even if they fail to win in court, they at least would have weakened the Episcopal Church by forcing it to spend millions of dollars in legal fees.

That appears to be what is happening here.

Hurricane Mark

The Episcopal Church in South Carolina includes more than 7,000 members in thirty parishes and missions, and since January 2013 has been led by the Rt. Rev. Charles G. vonRosenberg. 

The breakaway diocese, which calls itself "The Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina" or the "Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina Incorporated," includes about forty parishes and missions with an estimated 16,000 members.  It is led by former Bishop Mark J. Lawrence.

When Lawrence was consecrated as the legitimate bishop of the legitimate Diocese of South Carolina in 2008, there were more than 30,000 communicants in the unified Diocese.  Lawrence quit the Church in the fall of 2012. 

May 17, 2015
Some Questions for Archbishop Zavala 
by Dr. Ron Caldwell
Upcoming visit by the leader of The GAFCON raises questions about arrogance of power, GAFCON's war against the Anglican Communion, and last year's still secret agreement with ex-Bishop Mark Lawrence

This coming week the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina Incorporated (PECDSCI) will be squiring around Archbishop Tito Zavala of South America.  He is the controversial leader of the Global Anglican Futures Conference (GAFCON), an unsanctioned coalition of dissident Anglican clerics who have recently declared war on the Church of England. 

He will be speaking at St. Mathias in Summerton and St. Luke & St. Paul in Charleston on May 20th. Both sessions are open to the public, but the PECDSCI asks that reservations be made in that space is limited.

Last year ex-Bishop Mark Lawrence cut a deal with GAFCON that gives this group some kind of oversight role with the Diocese of South Carolina. Details of the arrangement have never been made public.

Dr. Ron Caldwell is an insightful commentator on the schism in the Diocese of South Carolina, and regularly posts his excellent observations on his own website.  He currently has an excellent piece on issues raised by Archbishop Zavala's presence.  

SC Episcopalians
encourages those among its readers who support ex-Bishop Lawrence to learn more about the kinds of relationships the PECDSCI is cultivating and deciding for yourselves whether they represent a viable path forward for Christianity in 21st century South Carolina. 

 Read Dr. Caldwell's comments here

May 9, 2015
Lawrencians Commence Formal Courtship with Other Dissidents
Visits are important for who's there ... and who isn't

SEABROOK ISAND -- The breakaway "Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina Incorporated (PECDSCI)" is finally moving forward with realignment efforts that could lead to greater stability and a reversal of ongoing declines in membership, ministry, and finances.  

For years ex-Bishop Mark Lawrence has preferred the security of a small fiefdom over which he has total control and resisted alliances with larger dissident groups in which he might have to surrender some or all of his authority.  

However, he apparently now sees them as a key to long-term sustainability of the PECDSCI. 
The group, which is a non-profit organization, does even have a procedure in place by which it can replace Lawrence or elect his successor, much less bishops who would be available to consecrate him.

Reaching out to ACNA

One of Lawrence's obvious options lies with the so-called Anglican Church of North America (ACNA)," a odd conglomeration of ultraconservative dissidents a diverse collection of mostly of dissident former Episcopalians, whose unity at the moment is rooted in their hostility toward gays and lesbians, and a shared antipathy toward their former Church

At the end of April, Lawrence hosted a get-reacquainted meeting with leaders of the ACNA on Seabrook Island that included high ranking clergy and lay people on both sides. Their mission was to set the stage for a summer courtship during which Lawrence's parishes would get to mix it up with people from the ACNA.  

The PECDSCI described the ACNA pow-wow as an opportunity to "engage in prayer, fellowship, and conversation... on the possible compatibility of the ecclesiologies of the Anglican Church of North America and the Diocese of South Carolina."

In other words, they were talking about the issues that might lead to the Lawrence crowd joining the ACNA.

The gathering was attended by ACNA's leader, Foley Beach, along with his breakaway 
Bishops Ray Sutton, John Guernsey, Bill Atwood, Terrell Glenn, and others.  The Diocese of South Carolina was represented by Lawrence, Wade Logan, Alan Runyan, Craige Borrett, Kendall Harmon, Jeffrey Miller, Boo Pennewill, and Jim Lewis.

Yes, but who was not in attendance

Significantly absent from the meeting was Steve Wood, ACNA’s Bishop for the Carolinas, who was defeated by Lawrence in 2006 when both were candidates for Bishop of the Diocese of South Carolina. Wood, also rector of St. Andrew’s in Mount Pleasant, subsequently left the Episcopal Church and joined up with ACNA, where he assumed his current position.

Wood’s selection as an ACNA bishop with a jurisdiction that includes South Carolina was widely seen as a rebuff to Lawrence.  Lawrence was reported to have been interested in jumping to the ACNA, if a suitable role could be found for him, but he did not seem to be in a particular hurry to give up his position in the Episcopal Church and the Anglican Communion.

There were also private concerns that Lawrence had too robust an ego to be a good fit for a leadership structure that depended on cooperation.

The ANCA hierarchy and their allies in the Diocese became impatient, and finally reached out to Wood, who
is charismatic, considerably younger than the 65-year-old Lawrence, and enjoys a wide following among younger church-goers.  

In the vague language of the Lawrencians, the situation with Wood is referred to as the “problem of multiple jurisdictions.”

GAFCON Leader Visits next week

At the same time PECDSCI leaders were meeting at Seabrook, they were also preparing for this months  arrival of South American Bishop Tito Zavala, the leader of the group of dissident Anglican Primates with whom the PECDSCI has hitched its wagon.

Lawrence announced Zavala's visit in March and stressed that it represented the importance attached to the PECDSCI by The Global Anglican Futures Conference (GAFCON).  

Last month leaders of the GAFCON declared war on the Anglican Communion, and rejected the centuries-old premise of its identity. 

The GAFCON relationship is important to the Lawrencians in that they have some kind of deal they say provides them an official connection to the Anglican Communion.  No one seems to know what the deal is, but Lawrence has been talking about the visit from Zavala for a couple of months.

Anglican Shmanglican II

The PECDSCI continues to refer to both The ACNA and The GAFCON as "Anglican" and part of the Anglican Communion.  

They are not, of course.  

Last fall the Archbishop of Canterbury said in no uncertain terms that the ANCA was a "separate Church" and not part of the Communion.  The GAFCON is a reactionary group of clerics from developing nations whose organization is not recognized by the Communion nor does it have any authority to act in any way for the Communion.

The only province recognized by the Anglican Communion in the United States is called The Episcopal Church, and the only recognized Primate with jurisdiction in this country is its Presiding Bishop.

read more here

May 3, 2015

Opinion:  "Jesus Doesn't Tweet"  by Rachel Held Evans
Want millennials  back in the pews?  Stop trying to make church "cool"

read it here    

May 1, 2015
Four Bishops Nominated to Succeed Katharine Jefferts Schori
Michael Curry of North Carolina, a favorite in S.C.
, may be the early favorite

A special nominating committee of the upcoming General Convention has proposed the names of four men to succeed Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori and lead the Episcopal Church for the next nine years. 

There will likely be additional names proposed at the Convention in Salt Lake City this summer, but it does appear that an early favorite is the Rt. Rev. Michael Curry, Bishop of the Diocese of North Carolina for past 15 years.  Curry is a widely sought after preacher in many dioceses and has a exceptional network of friends and colleagues across the Church. 

He is a favorite among Episcopalians in South Carolina, largely due to his friendship with Bishop Charles vonRosenberg and occasional visits to the Diocese including a stint as the keynote speaker at a Diocesan Convention. 

Another southern nominee is the Rt. Rev. Dabney Smith, the Bishop of Southwest Florida, and occasional visitor to the Episcopal Church in South Carolina as well.

There is significant speculation that the next Presiding Bishop will come from the South.   South Carolina native Henry Parsley, the Bishop of Alabama, was nearly elected nine years ago, but was abandoned in the balloting by a number of archconservative bishops, some of whom actually voted for Jefferts Schori.  Her predecessor was Frank Griswold of Chicago, and his predecessor was Edmund Browning of Hawaii.

Many believe the popular Jefferts Schori could have been re-elected.  She briefly considered seeking another term, but decided that she was not willing to commit to another full nine years at the helm.

Read the candidate profiles here

April 29, 2015
Federal Appeals Court Deals Major Blow to Breakaways
Judges reject delaying tactic as Lawrencians now face a two-front legal challenge 

RICHMOND -  The U.S. Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals wasted little time today slamming the door on former Bishop Mark Lawrence and his legal team in their efforts to forestall a lawsuit brought against him by South Carolina Episcopal Bishop Charles vonRosenberg.  

In that lawsuit, vonRosenberg contends that Lawrence's ongoing claims to be an Episcopal bishop constitute "false advertising" that is creating confusion and interfering in his work as the legitimate Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina. 

Today's decision by the Appeals Court means that the case has been sent back to the Federal District Court in Charleston, where a trial in the next few months is almost certain.

Lawrence:  I am still an Episcopal bishop

VonRosenberg initiated his lawsuit in early 2013, when Lawrence publicly insisted that he had left the Episcopal Church but was continuing as an Episcopal Bishop.  He was going so far as to tell congregations and clergy loyal to him that they were still "Anglican" and "Episcopal," even though they were not recognized as such by the Anglican Communion nor by the Episcopal Church.

August 2013 the case suffered a critical setback when Federal District Judge Weston Houck in Charleston refused to hear it.  Houck claimed that an upcoming case in state court on Lawrence's lawsuit against the Church would address all the issues vonRosenberg wanted to raise.

However, VonRosenberg disagreed and appealed Houck's decision to the Richmond-based Fourth Circuit.
A three-judge panel of that Court finally heard the appeal on January 28th of this year and, on March 31st, announced its unanimous decision to overturn Houck's ruling.  

However, the Lawrence team immediately filed a motion with the full court asking that the appeal of the ruling be re-heard by all the judges on the Court.  That request, mostly likely intended to delay the case, led to today's announcement.

Lawrencians are now facing the troubling prospect of defending an appeal of their own lawsuit against the Episcopal Church before the South Carolina Supreme Court this fall, at the same time as they could be in Federal Court defending Lawerence against vonRosenberg's lawsuit in Federal Court. 

April 21, 2015
Right-wing GAFCON Denounces Anglicanism's Middle Way, as War against the Anglican Communion Kicks into High Gear
Lawrence's renegade allies reject 600-year-old  premise of Anglican tradition

Disgruntled African leaders with whom Mark Lawrence has aligned his breakaway Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina Inc (PECDSCI) announced in London over the weekend that they now flatly reject Thomas Cramner's historic understanding of Anglicanism as a 'middle way", or Via Media, between Protestantism and Catholicism.

In a formal statement to international news media, four African primates, along with the Presiding Bishop of South America and the leader of the breakaway Anglican Church of North America (ACNA), declared "there can never be a middle way... It is the narrow way that leads to life."  

Via Media has defined Anglicanism since the times of King Henry VIII and his daughter, Elizabeth I.

In 2008 the Anglican provinces represented by these primates formed the Global Anglican Futures Conference (GAFCON) which is a loose-knit network of angry uber-conservative clerics bound together by a shared fear of homosexuals, women in positions of spiritual authority, and those whose experience of Christ and understandings of the Bible are different from their own. 

They apparently intend to start recruiting churches, raising money, and deploying staff in England, Ireland, and Australia to support a right-wing assault on the Anglican Communion and its alleged "drift" away from the Bible.  

They say they don't plan to leave the Anglican Communion, but haven't explained why.  The provinces represented at last week's gathering were Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, and Uganda.

Read news coverage of The GAFCON in the British press.

And this is the "orthodox" Gospel?

One of the odd things about GAFCON's attacks on the Anglican Communion is that its founding provinces are no angels when it comes to modeling the Gospel message. In recent years, the Anglican Church in GAFCON provinces have had more of their share of bad actors, political entanglements, and open acts of aggression against their perceived enemies. 

-- For example, the Church in Uganda is very much under the thumb of its country's political strongman, Yoweri Museveni, who is also one of its key funders.  Museveni was the keynote speaker at the installation of its current Primate and gave him money from the public treasury and a new luxury car, which has been his custom with prior primates.
In turn the Church in Uganda is a key supporter of Museveni's oppressive agenda, including proposed legislation allowing him to execute gay Ugandans for being gay.  At the last minute, the Church changed its position on capital punishment, suggesting instead sentences of life imprisonment. 

A Church spokesman said that life in prison would be more effective because the government could periodically parade beaten and half-starved gay prisoners around in public to remind its citizen what happens when Ugandans even think of going gay. 

"If you kill the (gay) people, to whom will the message go?  We need to have imprisonment for life if the person is still alive," said Rev. Canon Aaron Mwesigye, the provincial secretary of the Anglican Church of Uganda.  (SC Episcopalians is still researching the Biblical underpinning for this theological gem.)

-- One of the key advisors to The GAFCON is Peter Akinola, the former leader of the Nigerian Church who was instrumental in forming the group.  Akinola once declared that homosexuals are "lower than beasts" and was a strong supporter of Nigerian legislation that authorized the imprisonment of gays and lesbians.  

Akinola was also accused of inciting deadly violence against Muslims in his country when he was quoted as saying, 
"(We) remind our Muslim brothers that they do not have the monopoly of violence in this nation."  Akinola was responding to a Muslim attack on Christians that resulted in 43 deaths. After Akinola's remarks, his followers launched a revenge attack on Muslims resulting in 80 deaths.  The Nigerian Church subsequently insisted that there was no direct connection between the two.

Akinola was actually denied entry into Jordan to attend a subsequent GAFCON meeting, when officials there demanded to know the details of Akinola's role in a massacre of 660 Muslims in Nigeria.

-- Of course, there is still challenge of understanding the extent of the Rwandan Church in that country's massive genocide in 1994.  One of the Province's senior bishops was awaiting trial for his role in the killings when he died.  Consequently, the full story of the involvement of the Anglican Province of Rwanda has never been fully explained, nor is it likely to be.

Secret deal with PECDSCI

Last year Mark Lawrence claims that his renegade diocese somehow joined The GAFCON, and is under the oversight of these same leaders.  Like so much of Lawrence's activities, the details of the deal is not public and it is not clear what role they are to play in the life of the PECDSCI.

Also among
GAFCON's advisors is retired bishop Michael Nazir-Ali, who appears to have held or maybe continues to hold a paid position with the PECDSCI as its some sort of liaison with the Anglican Communion.  That seems to be secret as well.

Read Dr. Ron Caldwell's excellent take on this here

March 17, 2015
Lawrencians Want Appeals Court to Reconsider pro-Church Ruling
Breakaways claim they have "good arguments" to keep Federal Court out of their schism

RICHMOND - Lawyers for the breakaway Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina Inc (PECDSCI) have asked the full Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals to reconsider a recent ruling by one of its three-judge panels, overturning a decision by U.S District Court Judge Weston Houck not to hear the case of "false advertising" brought by South Carolina Bishop Charles vonRosenberg against his predecessor, Mark J. Lawrence.

In his lawsuit Bishop VonRosenberg claims that Lawrence is falsely representing himself as an Episcopal bishop and intentionally creating confusion that is interfering in his ability to lead the Diocese Lawrence left behind.  

Lawrence quit the Church in late 2012, but continues to insist that he is the Episcopal Bishop of the Church's diocese in eastern South Carolina. 

PECDSCI request is just a delaying tactic

Generally, a request for reconsideration is a delaying tactic.  In this case it is aimed at preventing the Federal Court in Charleston from considering vonRosenberg's lawsuit before the state's Supreme Court hears the Church's appeal of a ruling by S.C. Circuit Judge Diane Goodstein giving Lawrence and his PECDSCI an estimated $800 million in Church property and financial assets.

In its request for reconsideration by the 17 judges on the Court, the PECDSCI is saying that the three highly regarded judges who heard the case and ruled unanimously that Houck had erred in the case, were wrong. (You can listen to the hearing yourself by clicking the link in this sentence then clicking on VonRosenberg v. Lawrence on January 28, 2015.)

However, the problem for the PECDSCI's legal team was not bad judges but no precedents that could justify Judge Houck's refusal to hear vonRosenberg's lawsuit.  In the opinion of SC Episcopalians, lawyers for vonRosenberg could have just stayed home as the hearing turned into a kind of kangaroo fight club in which Lawrence's normally well-prepared legal team was pummeled.

According to a spokesperson for Lawrence this week, "Our counsel believes there are good arguments to support Judge Houck's original ruling that should be heard by the entire 4th Circuit Court of Appeals (not just a three judge panel of that court)"

In courtrooms, "good arguments" mean nothing without good legal precedents to back them up.  The PECDSCI brief filed with the full Court recycles those same "good arguments" that apparently were not "good" enough the first time around. 

April 15, 2015
State Supreme Court to Hear Appeal of Goodstein Ruling in September
High Court agrees to the Church's request to bypass state's Court of Appeals

The South Carolina Supreme Court today agreed to a request by the Episcopal Church and its continuing diocese in eastern South Carolina to assume jurisdiction over their appeal of a decision by a lower court judge to allow the breakaway Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina (PECDSC) to leave the Episcopal Church with an estimated $800 million in parish properties and financial assets.

The Court will hear the case September 23rd, making a final decision before the end of the year highly unlikely.  The breakaway group wanted to the Supreme Court to hear the case even sooner, but the Court denied its request.  Lawrence's lawyers reportedly believe that the Chief Justice is already in their corner.  However, she is retiring at the end of this year.

Ironically, this summer a Federal Court in Charleston will likely be hearing a related lawsuit charging that
the PECDSC's leader, ex-bishop Mark Lawrence, has engaged in "false advertising" by claiming to be an Episcopal Bishop. 

The real bishop, who is recognized by the Episcopal Church and Anglican Communion, is The Rt. Rev. Charles vonRosenberg, Lawrence's successor.  VonRosenberg initiated the Federal case against Lawrence arguing that his predecessor's false claims were creating confusion and interfering with his abilities to carry out the duties of his job. 

Lawrence admits he left the Church but insists he is still an Episcopal Bishop with jurisdiction over the Church's Diocese in eastern South Carolina.  If he loses the case in Federal Court, Lawrence could be held personally liable for any funds he spent or raised while posing as the Episcopal Bishop of the Diocese of South Carolina.  Read more here


April 14, 2015
Lawrencian Allies Now Planning War on the Church of England?
Followers of the PECDSC are clueless about where The GAFCON crowd is taking them

Before the era of Mark Lawrence, most Episcopalians in the Diocese of South Carolina had never heard of The GAFCON. 

Today, they find themselves in a shadowy ecclesiastical arrangement with these quarrelsome Anglican primates, who make no secret of their contempt for the Anglican Communion and their desire to go mano a mano with the Church of England on its own turf.

This week GAFCON leaders are meeting in London to map out a strategy to restore "the Anglican Communion’s commitment to biblical truth" -- the same war cry they used to rally their troops against the Episcopal Church in recent years.  More accurately, they want the Communion to embrace their own, very narrow understanding of Scripture.  Read the full story here 

This is a lot more craziness than PECDSC parishes bargained for last year when, at Lawrence's insistence, they naively signed on as junior cadets in the GAFCON army. 

Last month ex-Bishop Lawrence announced that the leader of GAFCON's steering committee would  shortly be making a trip to South Carolina to get acquainted with his new affiliates.  Lawrence also made it clear that he wants PECDSC parishes to step up their financial support for GAFCON provinces ... after, of course, ponying up another $300,000 to finance his current legal adventures against the Episcopal Church.

The anti-gay GAFCON was formed to supplant the Anglican Communion

The Global Anglican Futures Conference (GAFCON) is led mostly by the Anglican primates (provincial leaders) from provinces in Africa, Asia and, Latin America, where Christianity is relatively young and biblical theology tends to be more of the fundamentalist type. 

These primates are largely held together by a shared fear of homosexuals.  For example, in many GAFCON provinces, the Anglican Church has taken the lead in ginning up public support for barbaric laws against gays and lesbians, including places like Nigeria and Uganda where the government has criminalized homosexuality and even arrested people whose only crime was that they seemed to be homosexuals. 

In many cases, these countries have condemned homosexuals to life imprisonment, work camps, or even death... with the support and encouragement of the GAFCON/Anglican Church leadership.  Read more here

Leaders of The GAFCON have been particularly vicious toward fellow Anglican clerics - like Nobel Peace Prize recipient Desmond Tutu and more recently, Archbishop Bernard Ntahoturi of Burundi - for even attempting to engage in conversations about reconciliation with those in the Communion with whom they disagree. 
Read more here

Like Lawrence, they also do not value the participation of women in positions of authority in the Church nor are they tolerant of those whose experience of Christ and understanding of the Bible is inconsistent with their own.  For example, they are perfectly happy with the theology of the 1662 Book of Common Prayer as "a true and authoritative standard of worship and prayer" for Anglicans.

Many GAFCON leaders are politically powerful in their countries through political alliances and financial arrangements with repressive regimes and military strongmen.  Some treated like princes.  However, the Church in those places has paid a price in lost moral authority by turning is eyes to ruthless laws and persecution of the poor and those without power.

PECDSC "diocesan" convention has signed away its authority it has to change course

For whatever reason, last year's PECDSC annual convention decided to cast its lot with The GAFCON without a great deal of clarity about what it would mean.  Lawrence claims he has some sort of oversight arrangement with leaders of The GAFCON, but no one seems to know what it is or what kind of authority The GAFCON Primates think they now have in South Carolina.

According to Lawrence, the arrangement legitimizes his claim to be an Anglican bishop and his non-profit corporation, known as the "Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina Inc," to be part of the Communion.  

The GAFCON is not recognized by the Anglican Communion and its leaders have no authority to do what Lawrence claims

The problem for Lawrence and his PECDSC is that The GAFCON is not recognized as an official entity of the Communion, nor does it have any authority to recognize anything as "Anglican".  The Archbishop of Canterbury, who does have some authority along those lines, has stated publicly that The GAFCON's American cousin, the breakaway Anglican Church of North America, is not part of the Communion.

A second problem for Lawrence is that his followers value being Anglican, and were assured by him and his lieutenants that they would not be leaving the Anglican Communion if they were to follow him out of the Episcopal Church. 

Clearly, there was never a plan to keep PECDSC in the Communion as they thought.  Now the leadership of the PECDSC has actually aligned itself with the enemies of the Communion.

Obviously, it's too late for PECDSC parishes to turn back.  Successive PECDSC conventions have gradually transferred authority for the operation, governance, and policy-making of the PECDSC to Lawrence to the point that he has complete control of every aspect of PECDSC life and accountable to no one. 

If he were to drop dead tomorrow, there is not even a procedure in place to elect his successor.  

April 1, 2015

Breakaway 'Diocese of South Carolina' Sues Roman Catholic Church

SC Bishop:  “The Pope has stolen my identity”

Ordinary Canon: “We haven’t left Christendom.  Christendom has left us!”

South Carolina Circuit Judge Diane Goodstein issued a ruling this morning in which she declared the Roman Catholic Church “non-hierarchical” and awarded $500 trillion in parish properties and Church assets - including the Vatican - to former Bishop Mark J. Lawrence and his followers. 

Goodstein held a ten-minute hearing with Beaufort attorney Alan Runyan just after midnight during which, she said, they'd fully reviewed all relevant Constitutional and theological issues in transferring the 2000-year-old Church to Lawrence's breakaway group.

The two met at an all-night McDonalds' on Interstate 26 after she'd received complaints of an unfamiliar aroma in her courtroom.  
“I was pleased there was no ‘nanny-nanny-boo-boo’ at my hearing with the attorney last night.  It was really, really, one of the greatest joys of my life... plus I had a great burger,” she said. 

Runyan:  "The Catholic Church was ripe for the picking"

In a news conference this morning, Runyan explained, "The Diocese of South Carolina has never been part of this Italy-based, non-profit association, so the judge saw no grounds on which our claim to its property and assets could be denied."

"I'm sure the remnant group, its so-called Pope, and its remaining 1.3 billion members will want to appeal, and that will be very sad and expensive for all parties,” he added.  He said he's convinced litigation-happy Catholic leaders were not ready to "leave the Diocese alone," even to the point of ignoring Biblical admonitions against involving secular courts in disputes among fellow Christians.

The Vatican's legal office issued a statement this afternoon saying that it had submitted a lengthy list of potential expert witnesses to the judge, but Goodstein rejected it as irrelevant to the case.  The list included renowned theologians, dozens of cardinals, two living popes, and the Risen Christ. 

"They could tell me a story, if they'd like, but it wouldn't have any effect on the outcome," she said. 

Lawrence to followers:  "Arrivederci!"

A spokesperson for Lawrence said he'd been boning up on his Latin over the weekend, and shortly plans to fly to Rome with a copy of Goodstein’s Order in hand.  "It would be good if the Bishop could speak with the Pope in his native language," she added.

If he likes them, she said, the Trustees of the Diocese plan to rent the Papal Apartments to Lawrence for a dollar a year, or whatever he can afford.  Read more...

March 31, 2015

Federal Appeals Court Reverses Judge Houck
Three judge panel says Charleston jurist was wrong in refusing to hear vonRosenberg's request for an injunction against Mark Lawrence

RICHMOND - A three-judge panel of the U.S. Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals today reversed a 2013 decision by U.S. District Judge Weston Houck in which he refused to hear a lawsuit by South Carolina Bishop Charles vonRosenberg, claiming ex-Bishop Mark Lawrence is engaged in "false advertising" by posing as the Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina.

VonRosenberg maintains that only he and the Rt. Rev. Andrew Waldo in the Diocese of Upper South Carolina are recognized by the Episcopal Church and the Anglican Communion as bishops with jurisdiction in the state.  As such, he argues, he alone is entitled to exercise the authority of the Bishop of the Diocese of South Carolina, including the use of corporate "marks" like its official seal. 

VonRosenberg is asking the Federal courts to issue an injunction against Lawrence based on the confusion and damage his actions are causing.

Going after Lawrence in Federal Court was a gamble 

The reversal is a huge win for the continuing Diocese, known for the moment as The Episcopal Church in South Carolina.

The Federal Courts, including the current U.S. Supreme Court, have generally been strongly supportive of Constitutional safeguards protecting hierarchical churches like the Episcopal Church from attacks against its governing structure and polity.  

VonRosenberg's legal team knows that and is making every effort to engage the help of Federal courts rather than less reliable state courts.  However, parallel cases in state and Federal courts addressing similar issues can create unintended side effects for each other that may not easily rectified. 

That seems to have happened in this case. 

Lawrence filed a monster lawsuit in 2013 in state court in which he and parishes aligned with him laid claim to an estimated $800 million in Church property and Diocesan assets.  When vonRosenberg asked Houck to hear his case about "false advertising," the judge refused on the grounds that the case in state court would likely address the Constitutional issues vonRosenberg was raising.

However, far from addressing the Federal issues, the state court judge actually barred any discussion of them during the trial of Lawrence's lawsuit last July and, after months of needlessly wasted time and effort, vonRosenberg is now back in Federal court where he was in 2013.

Lanham Act could be a game-changer

The gamble for vonRosenberg's lawyers was that they chose to go after Lawrence on the basis of the Federal Lanham Act, a 1947 Federal law that deals with trademark infringement, not established Church law.  

It is a less complicated case to argue in court since Lawrence does not dispute that the Episcopal Church and Anglican Communion recognize vonRosenberg as their legitimate bishop in eastern South Carolina, and there are copious incidents in which Lawrence's actions have created confusion and hindered vonRosenberg's ability to carry out his duties. 

These are two key elements that have to be demonstrated in a successful Lanham Act case.

Lawrence's legal team seems to have been blindsided by the Lanham Act strategy.  Their approach is based exclusively on state and local property laws, and the willingness of state courts to ignore legal protections afforded hierarchical churches by the U.S. Constitution.   

VonRosenberg appealed Houck's ruling to the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals, where the three-judge panel heard the case January 28th.  Lawrence's attorney, Alan Runyan of Beaufort, who is always thinking three steps ahead, seemed to have been caught flat-footed.  The judges repeatedly pressed him for legal precedents they could use to support Houck's decision not to hear the case ... but he had none to offer.

Shortly after the hearing, SC Circuit Judge Diane Goodstein issued her ruling in Lawrence's lawsuit and gave him and his supporters everything they were asking for.  Goodstein's decision had no apparent effect on the Appeals Court judges.  In fact, at one point in their earlier hearing, the judges seemed to have been dismayed with the length of time she was taking in deciding the case. 

Now what?

The next step most likely will be a hearing to determine if "special circumstances" exist that would allow the Federal Courts to stay out of the case.  Assuming that none can been established by the Lawrencian attorneys, the case will go to trial.

Normally, Houck would be the judge most likely to try the case.  However, he is in 80's and is reported to be in poor health.

Read the full story here

March 24, 2015
Episcopal Church, Continuing SC Diocese File Appeal of Goodstein's Ruling
Lawyers ask state Supreme Court to expedite challenge to breakaway 'Diocese of Diane'

COLUMBIA - Attorneys for the Episcopal Church and its continuing diocese in eastern South Carolina today asked the South Carolina Supreme Court to expedite their appeal of a ruling by Circuit Judge Diane Goodstein in January, allowing its Diocese of South Carolina and 36 allied parishes to secede from the Church with an estimated $800 million in parish property and diocesan financial assets.

Normally an appeal of this nature would be taken up by the state's Court of Appeals, but both sides are prepared to take the case to the Supreme Court, such that Church attorneys say the justices would be helping "to avoid expense and delay for all parties" by taking up the case.

Church attorneys formally filed their appeal today with the Appeals Court, along with a "Motion to Certify" with the state Supreme Court.

Judge's conduct governed three-week trial last summer

Goodstein, who bears a resemblance to Reba McEntire (SC Episcopalians' favorite country singer), originally heard the case last July during a three-week trial in which her moody, sometimes erratic, behavior raised eyebrows on both sides. 

The judge at times was giddy and flirtatious, while on other occasions she'd explode in anger over seemingly insignificant incidences.  At one point, she stalked out of the courtroom in a pique when a mild-mannered attorney for the Episcopal Church questioned a ruling.

Goodstein never seemed to fully grasp the issues raised during the trial and her final order appeared to have been lifted directly from submissions provided by the breakaways.  In it, she blithely overturned nearly two centuries of Constitutional law and legal precedence by claiming that the Episcopal Church is not "hierarchical" and merely a "New York-based corporation." 

Throughout the trial, Goodstein even prohibited the mention of the name of the Episcopal Church because, she claimed, there were already "too many churches" involved in the case. 

Oddly, Goodstein resisted attempts by Church attorneys to offer evidence of the hierarchical nature of the Exxxxxxxl Church, or clarify that there was only one "church" involved in the proceedings.

72-year-old Chief Justice will likely dominate Supreme Court's hearing of the case

The breakaways' attorneys very likely were pleased with today's move to invite the Supreme Court to take up the case.  Some seem to believe that Chief Justice Jean Toal, reportedly a longtime friend of one of their lawyers, is already in their corner. 

In 2009 Toal is rumored to have commandeered the writing of the Court's controversial ruling in the related case of All Saints' in Pawley's Island, which laid the groundwork for the breakaways' current lawsuit against the Church.  She is slated to retire at the end of this year, so their hoped for advantage may be lost if the case drags on too long. 

Similar cases brought by breakaways in other states like Georgia and Virginia have all been shot down by their state's supreme courts.  However... this is South Carolina.

Ominous Federal case looming in the distance

Lost in all the attention on the Goodstein decision is a Federal case pending in the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals in Richmond.  Attorneys for the continuing Diocese have asked the Federal Courts to declare that its bishop, Charles vonRosenberg, is the legitimate Episcopal Bishop of the Diocese of South Carolina, and that Mark J. Lawrence, the ex-Bishop who leads the renegade "diocese" is fraudulently using this title. 

Last year U.S. District Judge Weston Houck refused to hear the case when it was brought in Charleston, but a three-judge panel of the Appeals Court appeared to believe that Houck's ruling was not justified at a hearing earlier this year.  Houck is elderly and reported to be in poor health. 

The three-judge panel will decide whether to overturn Houck's decision and order a trial in the coming weeks.

VonRosenberg and The Rt. Rev. Andrew Waldo of the Diocese of Upper South Carolina are the only two Episcopal bishops with jurisdiction in the state who are recognized by the Episcopal Church and the Anglican Communion.

March 14, 2015
PECDSC Convention Coverage II
After Promising Start, PECDSC Convention Backslides into Familiar Ways
Lawrence team misses opportunity to offer a vision for the future of his "diocese"

CHARLESTON - As its supporters gathered for their Annual Convention this past weekend, the "Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina Inc." was experiencing a rare opportunity to shape its own destiny.  With a court victory in hand and near unanimous approval among its parishes, ex-Bishop Mark Lawrence and his lieutenants looked like a football team marching effortlessly toward the end zone for a game-winning touchdown. 

At a preconvention workshop Friday afternoon, Lawrence and his Canon Theologian seemed to be positioning themselves to seize the moment in which they would finally set forth a bold vision of the PECDSC's future in evangelical Anglicanism. 

There were no rancorous attacks on the Episcopal Church or other perceived enemies, no gloating over the recent lower court ruling allowing them to take the PECDSC out of the Church, nor even the ubiquitous half-baked attacks on the evils of secular culture.  Those in attendance included numerous retired bishops, and longtime Lawrence loyalists, all of whom appeared prepared to follow him wherever he wanted to take them.  (Scroll down for report on this workshop)

The leaders of the PECDSC had finally come into their own.  And then, they fumbled.

Bishop's address was a disappointment

Saturday morning should have been Lawrence's moment in the sun, a kind of victory lap ten years and millions of dollars in the making.  In winning an important opening round in his longshot lawsuit, the 64-year-old bishop finally could begin work in earnest on his vision for his new "diocese."  He was at last liberated from what he felt was the oppressive and meddlesome Episcopal Church, and free to do the work he believed God had called him to do.

That opportunity came and went.

The planned high point of Saturday morning’s agenda was Lawrence’s keynote address, historically a rallying point for his followers and a blueprint for the future.  However, this year Lawrence’s rambling remarks were largely a rehash of earlier themes and old news, amounting to what might best be described as housekeeping and routine.  

Absent from his address was the visionary quality of his remarks from the previous afternoon.  He seemed oddly detached from his earlier urgency to legitimize the PECDSC through alliances with other quasi-Anglican bodies and domestic breakaway groups.  The biggest news coming out of his address seemed to be that he was tired and going on sabbatical at some point. 

Read commentary by Dr. Ron Caldwell

It's not about God or gays, but Fear

Perhaps the most disappointing part of Saturday’s convention was the return of the fear factor. 

If Lawrence had any interest in transforming the PECDSC's anti-gay, anti-women, and its generally intolerant image, it was not evident. 
The afternoon session became a replay of earlier conventions with the same homophobic and undertones that proved so critical in sustaining support for him during his make-believe "war" with the Church (2008-present). 

At one point delegates were shown a sketchy slide presentation, presented by Lawrence's chief lieutenant, Jim Lewis, which vaguely purported to highlight a handful of local news events (none from anywhere near South Carolina) in which devout Christians were somehow being oppressed by the local secular culture in the gay-friendly communities in which they lived.  

One of the slides Lewis chose highlighted the plight of a congregation that meets in a coffee bar in Lake Worth, Florida.  Lewis claimed the municipal government was requiring churches to have business licenses or face closure, and seemed to suggest that such encroachment of secular laws on a religious body represented an ominous threat to Constitutional guarantees of religious freedom.

There was something about Lewis' hasty use of the slides that seemed off.

As it turns out, this story was based on a highly-exaggerated report on FOX News that had been mangled further by the right-wing news media from which Lewis apparently got it. 

The story had nothing to do with business licenses, but a long-standing municipal ordinance requiring all community organizations, including churches and non-profit organizations, to obtain a use and occupancy certificate to ensure the safety of public gatherings and compliance with occupancy standards in the buildings in which they met.  Every parish in the PECDSC has a similar license to insure the safety of its building for events and activities.

There were no gays involved (as suggested by some of the bloggers), no one's religious freedom was threatened, nor did there appear to be any threat to marriage.  It is true that the city manager has a Jewish-sounding last name, which raised the suspicions of conservative religious bloggers, especially after he refused to tell them where he worshipped.  Read the story yourself

It was never clear what this story had to do with the Task Force on Marriage, except to remind the delegates that the evils of the secular world are just around the corner, or at least in Florida.

[Mr. Lewis' use of this example was a bit ironic in that the PECDSC just won its monster lawsuit against the Episcopal Church by convincing a local judge that the Constitution's protection of religious freedom does not exempt the Episcopal Church from having to comply with the secular laws of local and state governments.] 

What would the PECDSC be without the LGBT?

It would not have been a PECDSC convention without a debate on who is to be excluded from the Kingdom of God, based on sexual preference, behavior, or - as in Saturday's session - genitalia. 

Right on cue, thanks to the Task Force on Marriage, the Lawrencians successfully conjured up once again the specter of sneaky transgendered people trying to get on God's good side, even though they may be living with altered man or woman parts.

It happened during the discussion of a resolution defining marriage as between a "biological man and a biological woman, that is, between two persons whose birth gender identities were respectively male and female."

At first the proposed language in the resolution seemed to please everyone.  Then, an especially alert delegate from a small rural parish raised the possibility that, under that language, a transgendered man could marry a transgendered woman in a PECDSC parish ... and in a strange technical way, they'd still meet the one man, one woman standard. 

Yikes!  How this huge loophole was missed by the Task Force on Marriage remained a mystery and, for a few awkward moments, the PECDSC leadership on stage appeared to be without a response.  Could it be that in their eagerness to exclude the non-existent transgendered members of the PECDSC, they had in fact left the door wide open to marriage?  

Other delegates soon came to the rescue and seized their own moment to send a message to all the transgendered people beating down their doors.  Without a great deal of suspense, the language was clarified and the resolution sailed through.

[There were nuances to the convention's discussions on the resolutions on marriage that Dr. Caldwell observed in a different way than SC Episcopalians.  His enlightening interpretation is worth the read here.]

March 13, 2015
PECDSC Convention Coverage II
The Anglican Province of South Carolina?
Is the ex-Bishop laying the groundwork for an astonishing vision for his "Diocese"?

CHARLESTON - If you can be your own Anglican-ish diocese, why not be your own province, or even your own Church?

Delegates to this weekend’s Annual Convention of the breakaway “Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina” heard a lot more than they anticipated when they signed up for a preliminary workshop on Anglicanism and the status of efforts by ex-Bishop Mark Lawrence to find them a new spiritual home.

In two well-executed presentations, Lawrence and his Canon Theologian, Kendall Harmon, appeared to lay the groundwork for an astonishing - or possibly, preposterous - vision for the future of their momentarily-independent “Diocese of South Carolina.”

In essence, they appeared to be advancing the idea that the PECDSC should become a kind of national, evangelical Anglican Church with South Carolina as its anchor.  

Lawrence never actually used the word “Church”, but instead referred to such a new entity as a “Province,” as in one of the 38 provinces of the Anglican Communion.  Obviously, there is no realistic way that a self-generating province, crossing multiple provincial boundaries, would ever be recognized by the Communion.  However, Lawrence seemed to be talking about something more.

Lawrence claimed that, since his recent courtroom victory over the Episcopal Church, he has been contacted by numerous parishes outside of South Carolina expressing an interest in “joining" the Diocese.  He seemed to believe that his "Diocese of South Carolina" has attracted sufficient attention and admiration among disaffected evangelicals around the country that it could become a potent vehicle for "shaping emerging Anglicanism in the 21st Century."

"So where are our boundaries now?" he asked. 

Oops!  What about the Diocese in Upper South Carolina?

The only hiccup in an otherwise seamless presentation was an inadvertent suggestion that parishes in the Episcopal Diocese of Upper South Carolina were interested in affiliating with Lawrence’s PECDSC. 

Andrew Waldo, the Bishop of that Diocese, was generally been accommodating of Lawrence’s misconduct while he was in the Episcopal Church and, at least publicly, appeared to be unthreatened by Lawrence’s efforts to establish a legal precedent in the state allowing parishes and even an entire diocese to walk away from the Church with their property.  Waldo does not believe that any parishes in his diocese want to leave the Episcopal Church.

Lawrence quickly moved to clarify the gaffe, suggesting there were no parishes in that diocese that had expressed a desire to join him, just individuals.  However, it is widely believed that some Lawrence loyalists with or without the bishops' knowledge are working with like-minded Episcopalians there.

Lawrence disses friends and potential allies

Among the many startling statements by Lawrence were those dismissing friends and potential allies whose support he had once sought. 

He seemed to equate the unwieldy structure of Anglican Church of North America (ACNA), founded by his friend and mentor Robert Duncan, with that of the Episcopal Church.  He attacked the Archbishop of Canterbury as weak and ineffectual, and the four Instruments of Anglican Unity as “not adequate” to address recent "crises" in the Communion. 

Lawrence even expressed disappointment in his less-than-a-year-old affiliation with a committee of conservative Anglican Primates known as the Global South, complaining that it had not “matured” in a timely way that would likely be helpful to the PECDSC.

Among those attending the workshops were retired bishops like Alden Hathaway of Pittsburgh, Fitz Allison of South Carolina, and Alex Dickson of Tennessee - all longstanding critics of the Episcopal Church.

The final event of the day was a Eucharist at 5 p.m.   Registration for tomorrow's business meeting at St. Luke and St. Paul opens at 7:30 a.m.  The business meeting begins at 9 a.m.

March 13, 2015 (noon EDT)
Jubilant Lawrencians Seek to Redefine Themselves at Weekend Convention
PECDSC Inc. searches for a theology and religious tradition after breaking with the Episcopal Church and the Anglican Communion

CHARLESTON - The momentarily independent "Diocese of South Carolina" opens its Annual Convention in Charleston today in a triumphant mood following a lower court ruling, declaring 36 rebellious parishes and the Diocese itself free of its historic ties to the Episcopal Church and the Anglican Communion.

Over the course of the next two days, members of the “Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina Inc. (PECDSC)” are gathering to begin the arduous task of redefining themselves as something more than an angry protest against the Episcopal Church and its inclusion of gays and lesbians, women in positions of spiritual authority, and interpretations of Scripture at odds with their own literalistic views. 

In January, Circuit Judge Diane Goodstein in Dorchester County ruled that the breakaway parishes and the Diocesan corporation were free to leave the Church and take with them an estimated $800 million in parish properties and Diocesan financial assets accumulated by the Church over 225 years of its history in the eastern part of South Carolina.

The ruling was the result of a lawsuit brought against the Church and its continuing Diocese in South Carolina in January 2013 by ex-Bishop Mark Lawrence and his followers.  Only five years earlier, Lawrence had publicly proclaimed his loyalty to the Church to gain the consent of its bishops and dioceses to become Bishop of South Carolina.

Bogus claims of theological differences and legal threats mean the PECDSC Inc. must figure out what it really stands for

In siding with the breakaways, Goodstein overturned nearly two centuries of U.S. Constitutional law in a leap of logic, daunting even to the Flying Walendas.  Her ruling is currently is being appealed by the Church with its key issues unlikely to be resolved for years.

Meanwhile, Lawrence and his PECDSC now face a significant challenge in defining exactly who they are and what their purpose is beyond their well-publicized resistance to social change.

The PECDSC has never been clear about whether it is even a real "Church" or simply a non-profit corporation with religious purposes.  It continues to mimic the Episcopal Church in its style of worship, sacraments, and even its use of the Church's Book of Common Prayer.  It is also fuzzy on how it considers its bishop in the line of Apostolic succession, given his renunciation of ministry in the only Church that recognized him as such.

Many PECDSC parishes have been losing members, laying off staff, and running up deficits since announcing their attempt to leave the Church in December 2012.  In response, they have continued to refer to themselves as "Episcopal" in their public advertising, attempting to lure new members and compete with a rising number of new missions and parishes established by loyal Episcopalians in their communities.

During the three-week trial of the lawsuit last summer, Lawrence and his legal team distanced themselves under oath from earlier assertions that they were leaving the Church over differences in theology.  After years of scaring parishes into thinking liberal Church leaders were planning to take away their property, Team Lawrence also failed to produce any evidence that such threats were anything more than propaganda to panic conservative congregations into supporting its lawsuit. 

They never tried to prove their claim that their "spiritual freedom" was under attack.

Lawrence clings to the Anglican Communion, though he is no longer one of its bishops

A particular challenge for Lawrence and his lieutenants is the credibility of promises to their followers that leaving the Episcopal Church would not take them out of the Anglican Communion. The Communion only recognizes the Episcopal Church as its sole legitimate presence in the United States.   They were embarrassed last fall when the Archbishop of Canterbury publicly stated that the breakaway movement in North America was a "separate Church” that was not part of the Communion.

awrence and his long-time theologian-in-residence, Kendall Harmon, will tackle these issues this afternoon with back-to-back workshops “to explore the distinctiveness of Anglicanism and look at possible options for affiliation.”

Lawrence was criticized by some out-of-state participants at last month’s Mere Anglicanism conference for inaccurate and self-serving characterizations of Anglicanism.  The Lawrencians apparently plan to continue the charade of Communion affiliation by asking delegates on Saturday to budget funds for Lawrence’s participation in the next Lambeth Conference of recognized Anglican Bishops in London. 

The Communion only recognizes two functioning Anglican bishops in South Carolina, Andrew Waldo and Charles vonRosenberg, Lawrence’s successor.

February 23, 2015
Goodstein Rejects Motion to Reconsider "Diocese of Diane" Ruling
Episcopal Church and its continuing Diocese in South Carolina can move forward with an appeal of her controversial ruling

SAINT GEORGE -- S.C. Circuit Judge Diane Goodstein today rejected  motion by attorneys for the Episcopal Church and its continuing Diocese in South Carolina to reconsider her decision to award property and assets of the Episcopal Church valued at nearly $800 million to a breakaway group led by ex-bishop Mark Lawrence.  The ruling was no suprise and allows the Church and its loyal members in South Carolina to appeal her decision to the state's Supreme Court.

February 13, 2015
Church Attorneys Launch Blistering Attack on Goodstein Ruling
180-page motion for reconsideration cites dozens of factual and legal errors, setting the stage for a monster appeal to state's Supreme Court

ST. GEORGE - The Episcopal Church and its continuing Diocese in eastern South Carolina filed a motion in state court today asking Circuit Judge Diane Goodstein to reconsider her recent decision to dismember the Church's 220-year-old Diocese of South Carolina.  There is practically no chance that will happen, but the motion is essential in moving the case to the South Carolina Supreme Court on appeal.

Earlier this month Goodstein ruled that deposed Bishop Mark Lawrence and his supporters could leave the Episcopal Church with their parish properties and the financial assets of the Diocese itself.  The Lawrencians are angry with the Church over its inclusions of gays and lesbians, women in positions of spiritual authority, and interpretations of the Bible inconsistent with their own. 

The estimated value of the booty they received from the ruling comes to about $800 million.

In today's filings Church attorneys pointed out "dozens of instances in which the ruling doesn’t fully address evidence, makes incorrect statements, or fails to consider relevant points of law," according to a spokesman.

Church attorneys zinged Goodstein's repeatedly for basing her ruling on the faulty assumption that the governance of the Episcopal Church is not "hierarchical," and therefore not protected by the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. 

In her ruling, Goodstein effectively overturned nearly two centuries of legal precedence, including decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court, in finding that the Episcopal Church had no claim on its Diocese of South Carolina or the 36 pro-Lawrence parishes who have held themselves out as part of the Episcopal Church, in some cases, since 1795. 

Church attorneys, led by Charleston barrister Thomas Tisdale, cited nearly twenty instances in which Federal and state courts have concluded that the Episcopal Church is "hierarchical", including most recently Federal Judge Weston Houck, who may yet hear the case.

Goodstein was not up to the challenges of the case

The lawsuit landed in Goodstein's court two years ago, shortly after Lawrence was found to have abandoned the Episcopal Church and the vows he took when he was consecrated a bishop in 2008.

However, Goodstein never really seemed much interested in the issues of the case and certainly was never in control of the trial last July.  That role was filled by Lawrence's lawyer, Alan Runyan of Beaufort, who apparently chose Goodstein believing she would be more sympathetic to his cause than more aggressive judges in other jurisdictions, like Charleston. 

Runyan assembled a massive legal team that included lawyers with past ties to Goodstein, and one who had reportedly left her employ for his.  At times the ferociousness of their courtroom tactics looked like schoolyard bullying, and Goodstein was either unwilling or unable to restrain them.

There was little question that Goodstein struggling with the significance of the issues before her, and consequently appeared to rely on Runyan and his team in navigating the trial. 

Her discomfort became increasingly obvious as the trial began and, in a moment of great frustration, she
 instructed the attorneys on both sides that they were not to use the name of the Episcopal Church in the proceedings-- because there were too many "churches" in the case for her to keep straight.  (corrected 2/16)

She also rarely displayed intellectual confidence with the complex Constitutional questions the case raised.  Once, when she did try to ask a witness a question about the hierarchical nature of the Episcopal Church, Runyan leaped to his feet and vigorously objected.  Incredibly, she backed down. 

On another occasion, not even halfway through the trial, Goodstein blithely volunteered to a bewildered courtroom that she had already decided to let the parishes that had joined Lawrence's suit as co-plaintiffs leave the Episcopal Church and take their property with them.  Some of them had been with the Church since its founding after the Revolutionary War.

When Goodstein finally did rule in the case - seven months after the trial - the extent of Runyan's control was obvious.  Goodstein's order looked a lot like she had simply cut and pasted key parts of his filings, including the draft of the order he'd proposed she issue.  She appeared to have added nothing new to it, leaving the only remaining mystery about the ruling as to why it took her seven months.

Goodstein's courtroom behavior stunned even veteran lawyers

During the trial Goodstein's temperment became an issue as her behavior on the bench seemed to run the gamut from serious to goofy, and enraged to coquettish. 

At one point, she became so angry that she stormed out of the courtroom after bitterly lashing out at one of the Church attorneys over a relatively trivial matter.  Shortly thereafter, when she returned, her demeanor was lighthearted and even flirtatious with some of the older male attorneys. 

Some in the audience were annoyed that she seemed to make faces when she didn't agree with the testimony of witnesses, and sometimes would put on a crude Gullah accent to explain her rulings in simple ways.  On a few occasions, she actually offered coffee to witnesses as they were testifying and, on one occasion, used the term "nanny-nanny-boo-boo."

Goodstein will almost certainly deny the Motion for Reconsideration, which will then clear the way for an appeal.

Read news release from the continuing Episcopal Church in South Carolina

Read the entire Motion for Reconsideration

February 8, 2015

Independent 'Diocese of Diane' Celebrates Lower Court Win

Goodstein’s ruling dissolves SC Diocese’s historic ties to the Episcopal Church and worldwide Anglican Communion

CHARLESTON – Followers of ex-bishop Mark Lawrence went to church today celebrating a state court ruling last week that legally severed their historic ties to the Episcopal Church and the Anglican Communion, while giving their leader control over parish properties and Diocesan financial assets with an estimated value of nearly $800 million.
Worship services around the breakaway "diocese" were conducted this morning just as they have been for years, with many clergy suggesting that something good and important had happened ... though few seemed to be exactly clear what it is, what it means, or if it even means anything. 

For now though, it was sufficient that in the eyes of a Dorchester County judge their religious corporation, known as "The Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina Inc," is somehow independent and governed by a man who says he didn't even know anyone in the state ten years ago.

However, all of today's church-goers, in secessionist as well as loyal Episcopal parishes, were very much aware that the controversial ruling by S.C. Circuit Judge Diane Goodstein was only the first of series of rulings and appeals that will likely stretch out for years. 

No longer Anglican

While many of the Lawrencian parishes use the word “Anglican” to describe themselves, Goodstein's decision means they are out of the worldwide Anglican Communion, currently led by Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby. 

The Communion represents centuries of western religious tradition going back to England's King Henry VIII, but only includes parishes and dioceses that belong to one of its 37 provinces around the world.  In the United States, the Communion’s only province is the Episcopal Church.

Lawrence has tried to maintain the fantasy that he and his "diocese" are in the Communion by suggesting his friendship with dissident Anglican bishops, mostly in Africa, constitutes formal recognition by the Communion. 

However, that isn't how it works.  Just last fall, Welby said that renegade former Episcopalians now claiming to be Anglican were some sort of “separate Church” outside the Communion  Lambeth Palace, Welby’s home and the center of the Communion, recognizes only Charles vonRosenberg as its bishop with jurisdiction in eastern South Carolina. 

VonRosenberg succeeded Lawrence two years ago when he quit the Church.

Secession was a combination of clever lawyering and old fashioned fear-mongering

Since Lawrence was consecrated in 2008, he has been engaged in an imaginary “war” with the Episcopal Church over its acceptance of gays and lesbians, women in positions of ecclesiastical authority, and understandings of the Bible inconsistent with his own.

During the trial of his lawsuit last July, it was clear that for almost all of his episcopate the highly-secretive Lawrence was publicly trying to appear conciliatory toward the Church, while privately organizing a move to secede.

In 2012 he and his team convinced leaders in nearly two-thirds of the parishes in the Diocese that liberal Church leaders wanted to take over their properties to either fill up with gay, lesbian, and transgendered people, or sell to Muslims.  To protect themselves, they needed to amend the governing documents of their parishes, substitute all references to the Episcopal Church with references to his religious corporation (the PECDSC Inc).

Even though the takeover threat existed only in Lawrence's imagination, many normal intelligent people went along with it, and joined in a very expensive preemptive lawsuit to prevent such a thing from happening. 

For example, a well-respected Charleston businessman and good friend of SC Episcopalians, told a local newspaper this week that he welcomed Goodstein's ruling because it would allow him to be buried in St. Philip's churchyard with his relatives going back to the 1600s. 

To manage the lawsuit, Lawrence and his supporters engaged a legal dream team of nearly fifty lawyers, many with close personal and professional ties to Judge Goodstein in whose jurisdiction they shrewdly decided to file the suit.  

After delays of a year and a half, Goodstein finally held a trial of the case last July.
Their careful judge-shopping obviously paid off Wednesday, as Goodstein declared that the Lawrencian parishes are sole owners of their property and the Episcopal Church has no claims on them.  She also ruled that they also own the very wealthy "Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of South Carolina Inc" - the religious corporation established by the Episcopal Church for its work in eastern South Carolina. 

There was nothing in Goodstein's ruling that did not appear to have come directly from Lawrence's attorneys.  The only surprise was that it took Goodstein six months to issue the ruling.  She gave nothing to the 27 parishes and missions, who have remained loyal to the Church and whose leaders were instrumental in building up the Diocese.

Oddly, there were no reports of disappointed gays, lesbians, transgendered people, or Muslims showing up at the Lawrence parishes this morning.

Fresh from victory, Lawrencians renew discredited attacks to raise money

To celebrate their legal victory, ex-Bishop Mark Lawrence and his chief lieutenants immediately returned to their rhetorical comfort zone by dredging up discredited attacks on the Episcopal Church to stoke their followers into providing more funds for a planned appeal of Goodstein's ruling.

The PECDSC Inc. and many of its parishes have been sucking wind financially and otherwise as loyal Episcopalians in their congregations have either left or have stopped giving.

This week Lawrence's public relations team revived their old claim that the Episcopal Church is a dying Church because lawsuits against theologically conservative parishes are driving members away. 

It is true that the Church did lose members over the past decade and a half, but not nearly at the rate as other mainstream, hierarchical Churches.  The Lawrencians' rhetoric is ironic since the Diocese of South Carolina appeared to be one of the fastest growing in the Church during that time ... until 2008 when Lawrence took over and it became the fastest shrinking.  

Lawrence's team always seems to omit the fact that the Episcopal Church has never initiated legal action against any of its parishes or dioceses.  It has only become involved in litigation when those entities and those like Lawrence - who have abandoned their vows -- have legal steps to leave the Church with Church property and financial assets.

February 3, 2015
Goodstein Rules Breakaways Can Secede
Says anti-Church group can have the name, property, and financial assets of the Diocese of South Carolina

State judge puts South Carolina at odds with Federal Courts & other states over whether the Episcopal Church is "hierarchical"

Read 54-page ruling here

Read summary and initial response of Bishop vonRosenberg here

ST. GEORGE - A South Carolina state court ruled late today that ex-Bishop Mark Lawrence and his followers own nearly $800 million in property and financial assets of the Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina, as well as the Diocesan corporation itself.

The decision is a huge victory for beleaguered former Episcopalians here and around the country, who have needed a solid court victory to pump up their claims to own Church assets.  Their remaining legal efforts are ongoing in the Diocese of Fort Worth and the tiny former Diocese of Quincy, Illinois.

The ruling by S.C. Circuit Judge Diane Goodstein was surprising only in that she took nearly seven months to render a decision that was mostly an exact recitation of filings provided her by Lawrence's lead attorney, Alan Runyan.  She announced during the trial that she would allow the pro-Lawrence parishes to leave the Church, so the only key unresolved issue was whether the Diocese's corporate structure could leave as well.

The decision now pits Goodstein and a favorable ruling in the state courts of Illinois against the high courts in nearly two dozen states which have lined up with the Episcopal Church.  The Texas Supreme Court has been favorable to the breakaway group in Fort Worth, but that case has gone back to the lower state courts for retrial.

It also puts her on the opposite side of the U.S. Federal courts that have affirmed that the Episcopal Church is an "hierarchical" Church comprised of dioceses whose leadership is determined by its governing bodies. Such ecclesiastical structures are protected under the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. 

The United States Supreme Court recently let stand a ruling by the Virginia Supreme Court, which found in favor of the Episcopal Church in its version of the Lawrence case.

While he refused to hear a related case brought by the Church last year, Federal District Judge Weston Houck in Charleston, who could actually hear the case at some point, did stated last year that there is no question the Episcopal Church is hierarchical.

If Goodstein's reasoning is allowed to stand on appeal at the state level, secessionist congregations in the Episcopal Diocese of Upper South Carolina, and other similarly structured denominations like the Lutherans and Methodists, will also be able to lay claim to their parish properties and leave.

January 30, 2015
Lawyers Battle over Houck's Ruling in Federal Appeals Court
VonRosenberg wants the Federal courts to order Mark Lawrence to stop saying he's an Episcopal Bishop... but a ruling by a local judge is standing in the way

Lawrencians may be facing an expensive two-front battle to secede from the Church

RICHMOND - Lawyers for South Carolina Bishop Charles vonRosenberg took to the United States Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals today seeking to overturn a lower court ruling denying them the right to challenge ex-Bishop Mark Lawrence's claim to be an Episcopal Bishop.

Charleston attorney Tom Tisdale, Chancellor for the Church's continuing Diocese in eastern South Carolina, butted heads with a pesky, though not unsympathetic, three-judge panel trying to determine if the lower court was wrong. 

Wednesday's arguments addressed only a single procedural issue, and not the substance of the case.  However, if Tisdale's appeal is successful, he will have forced the Lawrencians to open a second legal front in unfriendly territory in their increasingly expensive and quixotic battle for secession from the Episcopal Church. 

Lawrence left the Church in 2012

Lawrence announced in October 2012 that he had left the Episcopal Church after a disciplinary board found he'd abandoned the Church and the vows he took at his consecration only five years earlier. In compliance with Church law, its leaders formally gave him the boot shortly thereafter.  He admitted that he had done everything with which he was charged by the disciplinary board.

Since then, Lawrence has repeatedly asserted that he is still the Bishop of the Church's Diocese of South Carolina.

In January 2013, he even filed a monster lawsuit in state court demanding that the diocese be allowed to secede from the Church under his leadership, and that he and his followers be awarded an estimated $800 million in Diocesan property and financial assets accumulated over 225 years. 

Nearly two-thirds of the Diocese's missions and parishes said they wanted to leave the Church with Lawrence, and most joined his lawsuit as plaintiffs.

Only in the peculiar world of Lawrence does this make any sense.

Tisdale:  Ex-Bishop is a poseur engaged in illegal false advertising

Wednesday's oral arguments in Richmond were solely about a ruling by U.S. District Judge Weston Houck last year in which he refused to hear vonRosenberg's case.  Houck said that the issues Tisdale raised in that case did not necessarily need to be tried in Federal court since the trial of Lawrence's lawsuit in state court would likely address them. 

Tisdale disagreed and appealed.   

Tisdale wants the Appeals Court to order Houck to hear the case, and argued that the issues raised by vonRosenberg's lawsuit are violations of Federal law that were not addressed in Lawrence's lawsuit or its ensuing trial last July before S.C. Circuit Judge Diane Goodstein from Dorchester County. 

Tisdale's arguments suggested that Lawrence is a clever poseur, whose antics are "false advertising" intended to make it difficult for vonRosenberg to carry out his responsibilities as the duly elected Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina.  He claimed that the damage being caused by Lawrence is ongoing, and that a timely resolution by the courts is critical.

The state court under Goodstein took some indirect towel-snaps when the judges expressed consternation on learning that she'd not yet ruled in Lawrence's lawsuit. 

Not the genteel courtrooms of South Carolina

Neither Tisdale nor Lawrence attorney, Alan Runyan from Beaufort, was particularly forceful during his allotted twenty minutes before the panel.  The judges had obviously read briefs submitted by both sides and repeatedly interrupted the attorneys with technical questions about other cases and precedents that might have a bearing on this one. 

The sharp questioning by the judges seemed to rattle both attorneys who were struggling to get their positions on the complex issues in the case on the record.  On several occasions, a seemingly frustrated Judge Diana Gribbon Motz tried to explain to the lawyers what they were trying to say. 

Judges got Tisdale's arguments; not-so-much Runyan's

Runyan appeared to get the worst of it, as the panel was clearly not buying his defense of Houck's ruling, or his explanation of why a violation of Federal law should not be tried in a Federal court. 

Runyan's technique of charming a more cooperative Goodstein away from issues unhelpful to him last summer only seemed to annoy the Federal judges Wednesday.  He seemed flummoxed when Motz continually pressed him for precedents justifying Houck's action.

In fairness, Houck's decision did not give Runyan much to work with.

Runyan has spent years plotting Lawrence's case against the Episcopal Church based on a trial in state courts.  Consequently, he has sought to avoid the Federal courts, which have been strongest against breakaway groups around the country. 

The prospects of having to pursue Lawrence's lawsuit in state court and simultaneously defend him in Federal court is also not going sit well with pro-Lawrence parishes who are already grumbling about the costs of backing their litigation-happy ex-bishop.

Listen to the oral arguments before the three-judge panel

Dr. Ron Caldwell's excellent analysis of the Federal case

January 29, 2015
Longtime Rector at Historic St. Philip's in Charleston is Out

Haden McCormick has been a Lawrence loyalist and supporter of his leaving the Episcopal Church and Anglican Communion

CHARLESTON - Ex-bishop Mark Lawrence and the leaders of St. Philip's Episcopal Church announced today that Haden McCormick, its rector for the past fifteen years, will vacate that position in April. 

The announcement came after a private meeting between Lawrence and McCormick last week.  According to Lawrence, quiet discussions about McCormick's future have been ongoing with the parish vestry since last summer. 

Neither Lawrence, parish leaders, nor McCormick were specific about the reasons for his departure.

Former glory, pre-Lawrence

Saint Philip's was once considered the "mother parish" of the Episcopal Church in South Carolina, and its rectors were instantly among the most influential clergy in the Diocese.  Its congregation has included former leaders of colonial South Carolina and the doomed Confederate States of America. Vice-President John C. Calhoun was buried there., along with many other prominent South Carolinians who shaped the state's destiny.

However, whatever was left of that influence in more modern times has long since evaporated. 

Under McCormick in 2012, the congregation voted to try to leave the Episcopal Church, and joined Lawrence's quixotic lawsuit to grab an estimated $800 million in Church property and financial assets in addition to becoming independent from it ... and the parish has not had an easy time since.

Several longtime parishioners left.  Some were loyal Episcopalians while others simply grew tired of McCormick's negative tone toward the Church.  Others wanted to remain a part of the worldwide Anglican Communion, which only recognizes the Episcopal Church as its province in the United States.

Gradually parish leaders began realizing that Lawrence's justifications for bringing the lawsuit are largely fantasy, generated by his imaginary culture "war" with Church leaders.  In fact, there was never any threat to St. Philip's from the Church or any interest by any of its leadership in taking over the parish's property, as people like Lawrence and McCormick suggested. 

Ironically, the decision to join the lawsuit has actually put ownership of parish property up for grabs, which would not have happened if the parish had simply done nothing except the work Jesus Christ gave them to do.

The parish has incurred deficits in its operating budgets in the past two years, and racked up significant legal bills (nearly $130,000 in 2013 alone) which it paid out of investment funds set aside for future ministry.  Lawrence has given no indication of abandoning his commitment to his lawsuit, which attorneys predict will drag on for years.

However, St. Philip's is still a vibrant congregation with strong lay leadership.

Humiliating stunt tarnishes departing rector's legacy

Sadly, McCormick will always be remembered for an adolescent stunt he and other Lawrencians engineered in 2008. 

That year Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori accepted their invitation to participate in a service of evensong at Saint Philip's during her three-day "listening tour" in the Diocese. 

However, she was told by the Lawrencians that she would not be allowed to speak during the service, except to say a closing prayer.  She was also informed that she would process into the church along side Lawrence rather than following him at the end of the procession as is protocol. 

Apparently, they wanted to send Jefferts Shori a you're-not-the-boss-of-us message, and let her know they did not regard her as anything more than one of many bishops in the Church. 

The readings for the service were carefully chosen for their condemnation of sexual immorality, and the lay readers -- members of St. Philip's -- even turned around to glare at her when they read.

While nearly 300 people attended the service, the parish further embarrassed itself by arranging a reception for the Presiding Bishop immediately following at which it served only served store-bought cookies. (Remember this is downtown Charleston).  The leader of the Episcopal Church and Primate in the Anglican Communion was also told to vacate the premises after 45 minutes because a youth group needed the space.

Almost every insult planned by the Lawrencians backfired.  At the end of the service, the disgusted congregation erupted in a joyous ten-minute ovation for the leader of their Church. Afterwards, she and her husband were mobbed by admirers, who generally ignored Lawrence and McCormick.

In her remarks at the reception, she graciously thanked the people of the parish for their warmth and generous hospitality.  Unfortunately for the parish, the incident was reported throughout the Anglican world.

Who will succeed McCormick?

McCormick's successor has yet to be announced, though it is not clear that the decision has even been made.  Current speculation centers on one Lawrence favorite, but it is all based on rumors and SC Episcopalians is not close enough to the powers-that-be to mention the name with any confidence.  He will almost certainly be male. 

In the autocratic Lawrencian "diocese", it is not clear how much say parishes have in the selection of their rectors.  Recent shake-ups in rectorships in other parishes have generally involved promotions from within the ranks of loyal Lawrencian clergy. 

Lawrence will be the dominant factor in the selection process, and he seems to be okay with promoting existing staff clergy to the top job in a parish without an extensive search or parish discernment.  That is not the practice in most Episcopal churches.

January 20, 2015
Oral Arguments in Appeal of Houck's Decision Scheduled for Jan. 28
No word yet on a ruling from Circuit Court Judge Goodstein

RICHMOND - Lawyers for the continuing Episcopal Church in South Carolina will head to the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals in Virginia next week to argue that a local Federal judge was wrong not to claim jurisdiction in a case they brought in 2013 asking that the Rt. Rev. Charles vonRosenberg be recognized as the Church's duly elected bishop in eastern South Carolina.

VonRosenberg's predecessor, ex-Bishop Mark J. Lawrence, claims that he is the Episcopal Bishop of South Carolina, even though he abandoned the Church more than two years ago.  For years Lawrence has been engaged in an imaginary "war" with the Church that includes a massive lawsuit claiming that he and his followers own an estimated $800 million in Church property and financial assets.

Federal Judge Weston Houck from Charleston previously rejected the Church's argument that issues raised by Lawrence's conduct necessarily warrant the intervention of the Federal Courts. 

Church lawyers and those representing Lawrence will be given a total of twenty minutes each to present their oral arguments in the case on January 28th.

Meanwhile, there has been no word on when a ruling in the case of Lawrence's mega-lawsuit might be handed down by State Judge Diane Goodstein in Dorchester County.  The trial was held last July, and the judge herself seemed to suggest that an opinion would be forthcoming in the fall.  However, she is under no timetable and many legal observers at the trial thought she was not aware of the potentially far-reaching effects of her decision when set the schedule was announced.

Read full story from the Episcopal Church in South Carolina website.

January 1,, 2015
New Year Finds Current and Former Episcopalians in South Carolina Stalled, Entering a Third Year of Breakaways' Attack on the Church

After two turbulent years of legal maneuvering by their embittered former Bishop and his nearly 50-member legal team, current and former Episcopalians, in what was once a large, thriving diocese in the Episcopal Church, are spiritually exhausted and financially depleted. 

Any hope of a quick resolution to the complicated legal issues raised by ex-Bishop Mark Lawrence and his followers in their lawsuit against the Episcopal Church and loyal Episcopalians in South Carolina have long since evaporated. 

Lawrence and his followers are part of a national effort by ultraconservatives to create a legal precedent that will allow them and their allies in other dioceses to leave the Episcopal Church and take their parishes and even their entire dioceses with them.  The strategy has failed in most places, including Georgia, California, Florida, North Carolina, and Virginia, but legal cases in Fort Worth and Quincy (Ill), along with Lawrence's in South Carolina, are still active, but moving at a snail's pace.

Episcopal Church in South Carolina thrives under Lawrence's successor

Much to the surprise of many on both sides, the continuing Episcopal Church in South Carolina has proven to be a viable entity with sufficient resources to fight Lawrence's attempt to make off with the Diocese of South Carolina's parish properties and financial assets, conservatively valued at $800 million.  The continuing diocese has also gotten good news in the form of insurance coverage for its legal expenses incurred while defending itself from Lawrence's legal assault.

Lawrence's successor, the Rt. Rev. Charles vonRosenberg, has led a reorganization of the Diocese that has seen significant grown and rebirth.  New mission parishes have formed in parts of the Diocese where pro-Lawrence congregations have not yet relinquished control of their buildings, and a number of its larger, established parishes have continued to attract loyal Episcopalians who have grown weary of Lawrence's erratic leadership, hostility toward homosexuals and lesbians in the Church, and his intolerance of those whose experience of God is different from his own.

Parishes loyal to the Episcopal Church in Charleston experienced record turnouts this Christmas.  Grace Church, the largest of them, had five Christmas services with nearly 3,000 participants.

Lawsuit slogging along, likely to take years and millions of dollars

Lawrence's lawsuit went to trial last summer in Dorchester County, where some of his attorneys have ties to a judge they felt would rule in their favor.  The judge's performance at trial drew occasional gasps and guffaws, as she appeared determined to limit the admission of evidence that might be helpful to the Church and its continuing Diocese on appeal.

Now, nearly six months after the trial, the judge has not yet ruled in the case, nor has a Federal appeals court in Richmond made a decision on vonRosenberg's request that he be recognized as the legitimately elected and officially-recognized Bishop of the Diocese of South Carolina.

Lawrence, living very well in Charleston, says no chance of reconciliation

Meanwhile, Lawrence has firmly ensconced himself in Charleston in the official residence established by loyal Episcopalians for the rightful Bishop of the Diocese of South Carolina. The Diocesan Board of Trustees, which the ex-bishop chairs, has awarded him a $1-per-year lease for the home, located in a very posh and historic part of downtown.  Funds contributed by his breakaway "diocese" cover maintenance and upkeep on the property.  He also has a very nice agreement with the "diocese" that makes him its salaried CEO until he decides to give that up.  

Believe it or not, in addition to his salary, he gets a pension from the Episcopal Church's Pension Fund, one of the most lucrative retirement plans in the country and one which his priests were forced to give up when they abandoned the Church with him.

Last year Lawrence launched an aggressive appeal for $2 million in funds to pay his lawyers, and this year he is pressuring them for the same amount to fight the "spiritual forces of evil.".  Details of the legal fund's income and expenses do not appear to be available to the public.  

December 22, 2014


Ex-Bishop's exotic metaphors, vivid dreams, and rhetorical flourishes have defined a leadership style that has guided his schism

Episcopalians in South Carolina have long become accustomed to Mark Lawrence’s accounts of divine revelation through dreams, visions, angelic messengers, and even ordinary humans through whom heavenly voices speak in ways that only he can understand.  His recounting of these imaginings often echo the writings of C.S. Lewis, T.S. Eliot, and authors of other literary classics he studied in college.

Many of these narratives are charming, as is the one in which his surprise proposal of marriage was spoiled by angels, who had tipped off his future wife in a dream the night before. 
Then there are bigger picture revelations, almost always cast with Lawrence as God's reluctant hero.  All have contributed to his mystique among his followers but many also have been useful to him in inspiring (or some would say, manipulating) them in his recent schism with the Episcopal Church. 

Readers of this weblog will remember, for example, Lawrence's  2012 summer vacation that somehow transformed itself into a Biblical epic when he ascended the mountains of North Carolina in anticipation of a new vision to guide next steps in his imaginary “war” with the Church. 

On his return, a  jubilant Standing Committee eagerly spread the word that indeed the bishop had received an exciting vision through which the Diocese would at last be "drawn into a place of alignment with God alongside Mark."

Few - except the cynical, shameless, and SC Episcopalians - noticed that Lawrence's new vision bore a striking resemblance to his attorneys' secret legal scheme to sue the Episcopal Church and its continuing Diocese of South Carolina, and make off with hundreds of millions of dollars in property and financial assets accumulated over 225 years of its proclamation of the Gospel

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