South Carolina Episcopalians
An Independent Journal of News & Commentary for Anglicans
not affiliated with ACNA, the Episcopal Church or any of their dioceses
The Reverend William Barnwell
The Dennis Canon
Canon I.7.4 of the Episcopal Church (USA) is referred to commonly as "the Dennis Canon", after the name of its draftsman, the Rt. Rev. Walter D. Dennis, former Suffragan Bishop of New York, who proposed its adoption as a canon at General Convention 1979. Together with its companion section (Canon I.7.5), it reads as follows:
Sec. 4. All real and personal property held by or for the benefit of any Parish, Mission or Congregation is held in trust for this Church and the Diocese thereof in which such Parish, Mission or Congregation is located. The existence of this trust, however, shall in no way limit the power and authority of the Parish, Mission or Congregation otherwise existing over such property so long as the particular Parish, Mission or Congregation remains a part of, and subject to, this Church and its Constitution and Canons.
Sec. 5. The several Dioceses may, at their election, further confirm the trust declared under the foregoing Section 4 by appropriate action, but no such action shall be necessary for the existence and validity of the trust.
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March 28, 2020
The Reverend William Barnwell (1939 – 2020)
An apparent victim of the cornonavirus-19, this native son of the Diocese of South Carolina led a remarkable life and powerful ministry as an advocate for God's call to Love and Justice
William Barnwell was born 2,000 years too late. No question he would have been the 13th disciple. Even if he wasn’t actually called in the way the others were, William would have been sufficiently persistent that Jesus would have had to find a way to make it work, if only to quiet him down.
William died yesterday in New Orleans, an apparent victim of the coronavirus. He had been on a ventilator for ten days, and must not have known they were in short supply, because he would have surely insisted that his be given to someone else.
William's life was an extraordinary journey from the comfortable segregated neighborhoods of Charleston, to the streets of New Orleans, Boston, Washington DC, and even the notorious state prisons in Louisiana.
A light of Christ among us has gone out.
William was not exactly Spirit-filled. He was Spirit-driven, unable to resist extending a hand to one more person in need or finding shelter on a cold night for a homeless teenager. He was a servant who never committed halfway to anything.
If the news of his passing made even one person more cautious and less likely to contract this plague, he would have been okay with it. Of that, I am quite sure.
We in the Diocese of South Carolina are fortunate that so much of his young life and ministry happened here among us. It shaped him in every way, and prepared him for a larger life of service in the Episcopal Church. Learn more about William's work here.
He shaped us as well.
One of those deeply affected by William’s life is our own Archdeacon, Callie Walpole. Seldom do I hear her teach or preach that I cannot hear William quietly cheering her on in the background. William was proud of the work she and our neighbor, The Rev. Kylon Middleton, were doing among their congregations, and happily joined them when he was back here in his home town.
Gretchen Smith posted a beautiful tribute to William on the Facebook page of the Episcopal Church on Edisto. I haven't yet asked her permission to republish it, because I thought it would be something important for all of us to have as we worship in social isolation tomorrow.
March 25, 2020
Caregivers: ACNA Bishop Slightly Improved After Setback
Rector of St. Andrew's ACNA in Mount Pleasant first showed symptoms of coronavirus-19 nearly two weeks ago
Caregivers treating the Rev. Steve Wood, Bishop of the ACNA's Diocese of the Carolinas, reported today that his condition has stabilized after an unexpected "step backwards" yesterday.
Steve first experienced symptoms of the coronavirus on March 12.
After testing positive, he was placed in isolation in a Mount Pleasant hospital where he has been on a ventilator and receiving treatment for the past six days. The parish reported yesterday that Steve's has had a persistently high fever and that his chest x-rays had demonstrated some deterioration.
Prayers and good wishes to his wife, children, and grandchildren.
March 21, 2020 (updated)
Local ACNA Clergy Stricken by Coronavirus
The rector of St. Andrew's ACNA in Mount Pleasant is on a ventilator and being treated for the virus. A second clergy member reportedly has symptoms and awaiting test results, while a third has reportedly tested positive but with no symptoms
The question of whether a ban on church services is an unreasonable precaution against the coronavirus was answered in a brutal way this week as two members the clergy at St. Andrew's Church in Mount Pleasant appear to have fallen ill after exposure to it.
News reports say that the hardest hit was long-time rector, Steve Wood, reportedly in quarantine at East Cooper Medical Center and on a ventilator. The Rev. Randy Forrester appears to have symptoms of the virus and is self-isolated at home, awaiting the results of his recent test. No visitors are permitted.
There are conflicting reports about a third member of St. Andrew's clergy, The Rev. Anthony Kowbeidu, who reportedly became ill at church services last Sunday. An article in the Post & Courier yesterday cited a parish newsletter that said he has tested positive for exposure to the virus, but has not manifested any symptoms associated with it.
St. Andrew's is formerly an Episcopal parish that has now realigned itself with the breakaway "Anglican Church of North America." The parish suffered another tragedy nearly two years ago when its worship center was badly damaged by fire.
Blessings to Steve, Anthony, and Randy for their recovery.
February 27, 2020
Judge Finally Seems to be Moving Forward in Implementing 2017 Supreme Court Ruling
Short session with Judge Edgar Dickson in Orangeburg today focused on Church's motions on conducting an audit of returning parishes and assigning a "special master" to oversee day-to-day transitions. No rulings on any pending motions or mention of new Church effort to have the state Supreme Court justices limit Dickson's apparent interest in re-litigating property issues in Lawrence lawsuit.
February 22, 2020
Church Asks State Supreme Court to Force "Confused" Judge to Stop Messing Around and Implement its 2017 Decision
Church attorneys say that Circuit Judge Edgar Dickson is re-trying issues already settled by the South Carolina and United States Supreme Courts
Is Dickson trying to avoid implementation of pro-Church decision until he can retire next year?
Yesterday, attorneys for the Episcopal Church and its Diocese of South Carolina took the unusual step of asking the State’s Supreme Court to force state Court Judge Edgar Dickson to get his act together and implement the high court’s August 2017 ruling that ended Mark Lawrence's misguided lawsuit against the Episcopal Church.
Nearly two-and-a-half years ago, Dickson was assigned the task of implementing the Court's ruling, but has strangely done nothing to make that happen. During that time he has held three meandering hearings with lawyers in the case, but none of them seemed to have motivated the judge to actually do anything.
Church attorneys told the justices yesterday that Dickson is attempting to retrying trust and property issues that were settled by the 2017 ruling, and consequently avoiding implementing the decision in which 29 of 36 parishes in the Diocese and the Lawrence breakaway organization unsuccessfully tried to leave the Episcopal Church.
Dickson has often defended himself with the breakaway attorneys' mantra that the 2017 decision was too confusing for him to implement.
However, last summer he had no trouble understanding the part of the ruling that was favorable to Lawrence and signed off on the departure of seven breakaway parishes that the Supreme Court had determined were free to leave the Church.
We at SC Episcopalians are especially troubled that Dickson seems to have numerous conflicts in the case which appear to include long-time political friends and professional associates on Lawrence's legal team.
We also wonder if Dickson is not intentionally stalling until he can retire next year, a move that would further delay implementation.
Local Episcopalians have been concerned that Dickson's most recent actions are aimed at helping the former breakaway parishes by raising issues that would get their case back before the S.C. Supreme Court.
Breakaway attorneys have repeatedly given Dickson opportunities to slow down implementation of the decision, including filing a nuisance lawsuit under the state's archaic "Betterments Act" that would require the Episcopal Church to compensate the 29 unhappy congregations for the value of their parish properties since they were founded. Neither Lawrence nor parishes loyal to him have legal standing to bring such a lawsuit, but incredibly Dickson has allowed it to go forward anyway.
Writ of Prohibition
Yesterday, Church lawyers filed a request with the justices for a Writ of Prohibition after actions by the judge indicating that he is considering issues of trust and property law already settled by the August 2017 ruling and well beyond Dickson's jurisdiction as the implementer of the decision.
The specific target of the proposed Writ is a pending Motion for Clarification, proposed by the Lawrencians for which Dickson has asked for briefs from both sides. Church attorneys argued yesterday that Judge Dickson is using the Writ "to re-litigate issues decided by this Court, and to reach a different result than the one reached by this Court.”
Church historian Ron Caldwell has used his blog to repeatedly point out the very un-confusing instructions for implementation contained in the Supreme Court 2017 ruling. Read his take on this by clicking here.
February 15, 2020
Orangeburg Judge Schedules Another Hearing on Implementing 2017 State Supreme Court Decision
Judge Ed Dickson will once again have a hearing on the Church's request for a full accounting of parish and Diocesan assets, and appointment a "special master" to oversee transition of former breakaway parishes
Every few months S.C. Circuit Judge Edgar Dickson calls together the dozens of lawyers involved in the former lawsuit of ex-Bishop Mark Lawrence for largely unstructured "hearings" on instructions given to him by the state's high court to implement its August 2017 decision in the case.
All sides were notified last week that Dickson has scheduled yet another of these gatherings for Thursday, February 27 in Orangeburg to hear more arguments on three fairly routine motions by the Episcopal Church and its Diocese of South Carolina.
All three motions have been languishing on Dickson's desk for nearly three years, in spite of the U.S. Supreme Court allowing the ruling to stand.
The motions ask that Dickson move forward with implementation of the 2017 decision, allow for a full accounting of Church assets that have been under the control of Lawrence's followers, and the appointment of a "special master" to oversee day-to-day transitions.
The judge has given no indication that he will actually rule on the motions next week.
Dickson has no business being involved in this case at all and should have recused himself, including numerous personal relationships with members of Lawrence's legal team.
While Dickson has made excuses for his lack of progress by claiming that he doesn't understand the 2017 ruling, last summer he had no trouble understanding the part of the ruling that was favorable to Lawrence and signed off on the departure of seven breakaway parishes that the Supreme Court had ordered to be free to leave the Church.
January 23, 2020
Diocese Moving Forward to Elect New Bishop in November
The Rev. Dr. Philip Linder will lead the Search Committee with the consecration of the 15th Bishop of South Carolina occurring as early as spring 2021.
The Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Diocese of South Carolina announced todaythat the Diocese is on schedule to elect a new bishop at its annual convention this coming fall.
According to the Rev. Canon Caleb Lee, a Search Committee under the leadership of Philip Linder, Priest-in-Charge at St. Mark's Episcopal Church in Charleston is currently being established with the expectation that the 15th Bishop of South Carolina could be consecrated by the spring 2021. The Rev. Dr. Linder is the former Dean of Trinity Cathedral in Columbia and, in the humble opinion of SC Episcopalians, an excellent choice for the job.
The Right Rev. Henry N. Parsley, retired Bishop of Alabama, will be serving as Visiting Bishop while the search process is underway. The Venerable Callie Walpole, Archdeacon of the Diocese, will continue to oversee the administrative functions of the Diocese.
January 14, 2020
Lawrencians Slammed Again in Federal Court
Appeals Court rejects former secessionists' attempt to put the brakes on Gergel's pro-Church ruling
The United States Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals today issued two procedural rulings against ex-bishop Mark Lawrence and his remaining followers that are almost certain signs their appeal of a lower court decision against them last fall is in trouble.
This afternoon attorneys for all sides were notified by the Court that pending motions by the Lawrence crowd to temporarily hold off enforcement of a September 2019 decision by U.S. District Judge Richard Gergel had been rejected. In that decision, Gergel found that the Lawrence group was illegally claiming to be the historic Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina and intentionally misleading the public about their relationship to the Episcopal Church.
The appeals court has not yet ruled on the substance of the Lawrencians' appeal of Gergel’s ruling itself. In our view, there is close to a zero chance Gergel’s ruling will be overturned, given its reliance on legal precedents generated by the Fourth Circuit.
The Lawrence crowd has strangely continued to openly defy both the state and Federal courts since August 2017, when the state Supreme Court put the kibosh on their efforts to leave the Episcopal Church with millions in parish property and Diocesan assets.
Last fall Lawrence and his high command turned up their noses at Gergel’s order, and failed to take seriously many of its key provisions. Their contempt earned them a stinging rebuke from the judge last month and very likely blew whatever shot they had at a successful appeal.
The Lawrencians have also consistently stiff-armed attempts at mediation through which they could arrange an orderly transition back into the Church and negotiate a reduction in criminal penalties parish officials and Diocesan trustees will likely face for being in contempt of court and in violation of the state’s trust laws.
Lawrence continues to live in the residence of the Episcopal Bishop of South Carolina and occupy his offices on Coming Street in Charleston. Read the background story here
December 18, 2019
Federal Judge Rips Lawrencians’ for Violating September Ruling
Lawrence group can continue to call itself the "Anglican Diocese of South Carolina" even though it is not recognized by the Anglican Communion
U.S. District Court Judge Richard M. Gergel blasted ex-Bishop Mark Lawrence and his followers today for failing to comply with his September 19 ruling in which he ordered them to stop being a fake Episcopal diocese. In that decision, Gergel found their efforts to confuse the public about their real identity, including the use of the name “Diocese of South Carolina” and its corporate seal, were illegal under Federal law.
Today's rebuke was the result of a complaint by Church attorneys last month that the Lawrencians were not taking his September ruling seriously. In it, the judge ordered the Lawrencians to say goodbye to their claim to have been "founded in 1785", and their practice of posting official convention journals, diocesan constitutions and canons, and reports of Trustees of the Diocese prior to 2012 on their website. Those publications and documents after 2012 cannot be published if they have any corporate marks or other words or symbols suggesting the dissident group is the actual historic diocese of South Carolina.
Gergel also ruled that all issues of Jubilate Deo and other documents bearing the marks and references to the legitimate Diocese of South Carolina be removed from the dissidents’ website, and ordered that the dissidents group stop referring to Lawrence as the “14th or “XIV” Bishop of the Diocese. The same is true in referring to annual meetings with numerical references mirroring those used by the real Diocese of South Carolina.
The ruling was a reminder that the Lawrencians are still reeling, with no strategy and no purpose. They have not had a victory in the courts since 2015. Seven years after leaving the Church, they continue to struggle to attract new members and, when they do, they turn them off by their negative messaging on gays and women in positions of spiritual authority.
"Anglican Diocese of South Carolina"
The one bright spot for the Lawrence group is that they can continue to call themselves the "Anglican Diocese of South Carolina," in spite of not being recognized by the Anglican Communion or its leadership.
Lawrence and seven parishes that are loyal to him have legally affiliated with a broader group of Anglican and Episcopal dissidents called "The Anglican Church of North America." The ACNA, which has its own Prayer Book and theology, has been repeatedly rejected by the Anglican Communion as well.
November 26, 2019 (revised noon, Nov. 27)
Finding Clarity... in a Fog
Orangeburg judge may seek "clarification" from state Supreme Court on key - but not yet identified - issues in 2017 ruling
Current and former Episcopalians, hoping today’s hearing before S.C. Circuit Judge Edgar Dickson would offer a path forward from their legal quagmire, were disappointed. There is a path, but it's heading more sideways than any where else.
After a rambling all-morning session in Orangeburg, the breakaway “diocese” headed by ex-Bishop Mark Lawrence made a sliver of progress in pushing the judge closer to helping get at least part of its unsuccessful lawsuit against the Episcopal Church back before the South Carolina Supreme Court.
Dickson said he may be willing to send the justices a request that they "clarify" points of confusion in their August 2017 ruling in which they determined that parish properties are held in trust for the Church by the local congregations.
It seems like just another rabbit hole to SC Episcopalians, but one that could eventually provide the judge a comfort level in moving forward.
Third time a charm?
If this actually happens, it would be the third time the Lawrencians have tried to get the justices to reconsider aspects of their earlier decision, but the first time they have been able to convince a lower court judge to be their proxy.
In essence, the Supreme Court rejected the lawsuit on the grounds that 29 of the 36 plaintiff parishes had agreed to be part of the Episcopal Church and therefore cannot sell or transfer ownership of their properties their properties without the Church’s consent. The Court also determined that the historic Diocese of South Carolina and its properties are part of the Church.
In November 2017 the high court gave Dickson the task of implementing its ruling, but he has done little about it. In prior hearings, he has admitted to being "confused" over this task and regretting that it had even been given to him.
The legal team for the breakaway group has played to the judge's confusion, telling Dickson that the justices wrongly identified the 29 parishes as having acceded to the Church's governing structure.
However, this morning one of the most important moments came when Mary Kostel, Chancellor to the Presiding Bishop, responded to the allegation by providing Dickson written evidence of each parish's accession as it had been submitted to the original trial judge. It seemed to SC Episcopalians that the judge had not seen this before even though it was in the trial record. Read more details provided by the Diocese of South Carolina
For us non-lawyers, the trust relationship means that congregations own their parish properties and assets, but only so long as they are operated as parishes in the Episcopal Church. Should a congregation reject the role of Trustee or violate its requirements under the state's trust laws, ownership of the property and assets revert to the Church’s local diocese.
According to the U.S. Supreme Court, the trust relationship goes back to the origins of the Constitution, but in 1979 it suggested to hierarchical denominations, like the Episcopal Church, that they spell out that trust relationship in their national constitution and canons.
The Episcopal Church did that in the form of a new canon (church law) named after Bishop Walter Dennis of New York who wrote it and led the Church's General Convention to adopt it. Every diocese and almost every parish adopted the Dennis Canon and, in effect, agreed to act as trustees of their property for the exclusive benefit of the Episcopal Church, aka the trust’s "beneficiary".
Beating a dead horse?
Beaufort Alan Runyan is the Lawrencians' lead attorney and prime mover behind Lawrence’s unsuccessful 2013 lawsuit. He is believed to be at the heart of a broader effort to disrupt the Episcopal Church by creating a legal precedent for its parishes to leave with their property and financial assets. This began years before 2012 when Lawrence announced that he was leaving the Episcopal Church, and seems to have fallen apart after the debacle in the South Carolina courts.
Bitterly disappointed, Runyan and Lawrence have spent the past two years attacking the high court's ruling with the hope of finding some way to undermine it. Many of the key elements of the ruling were decided by 3-2 votes in the Church's favor, and they appear to be encouraged that new members of the Court appear to be more politically inclined in their direction.
Today, Runyan offered nothing new but continued familiar diatribes trying to convince Dickson that the task the Court had given him was too vague for him to move forward. He resurrected all of his past arguments, most of which have been rejected by the high court or by U.S. District Judge Richard Gergel in September, when he found in favor of the Church in a related case in the Federal system.
However, the strategy seems to have worked anyway. Dickson announced at the end of today's hearing that he was considering sending the request for “clarification” to the justices after getting input from both sides, but was not specific about what he wanted to ask them.
Attorneys for the Episcopal Church and its Diocese of South Carolina did not walk away empty-handed this morning. In fact, they were very strong in offering evidence that seemed to contradict Runyan at every turn. Diocesan Chancellor Tom Tisdale felt today's session was the most substantive yet since Dickson had been assigned the case.
They have struggled in other hearings before Dickson because he often seemed unaware of key legal elements and Constitutional precedents surrounding the Supreme Court's ruling. Not that it should matter. Dickson's job is not to retry the case, but to implement the high court's ruling.
This morning, Dickson was better prepared. He appeared to be clearer that the key issues revolved around the state's trust laws, and that property laws were really secondary. He was also clear that the case does not belong in secular courts since it involves a theological disagreement in a Constitutionally-protected hierarchical denomination.
Still there were frustrating moments in the hearing in which the answers to questions Dickson raised turned out to have been included in important filings by the parties and addressed in the opinions of the justices or raised concerns that appeared not especially relevant to implementation of the Court's over two-years-old decision.
Perhaps an important part of today's session for the Church side was Dickson's belief that the justices' response to a request for clarification would settle everything that is preventing him from moving forward with implementation.
This case has been a bitter one for the Court, and not one it would take any pleasure in revisiting. The justices seemed particularly annoyed by attempts by the Lawrencians in the past to lobby them and smear the reputations of its members who did not vote with their way.
The Court has made it clear it in the past that its work on this case is done. Our guess is that it will not respond to any of the issues raised in a potential request for clarification. Based on Judge Dickson's comments today, that would still satisfy concerns he may have about moving forward.